Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Rafik Noshadian Kozazi


Age: 24
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: November 29, 1981
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting

About this Case

The information about Mr. Rafik Noshadian Kozazi is taken from the book Our Martyrs for Freedom, For Socialism by Rah-e Kargar Publications. Born in Tehran in 1957, he went to India to continue his education in 1980. There, he joined the Revolutionary Workers Organization of Iran (Rah-e Kargar) and later returned to Iran in order to participate in the political activities.

"Rah-e Kargar" or the "Revolutionary Workers Organization of Iran" was established during the summer of 1979. The Organization was founded by individuals from various leftist groups who rejected the idea of armed struggle and believed in political action. They identified themselves as Marxist-Leninists, promoting a socialist revolution and the leadership of the proletariat. They differed with the pro-Soviet communist party, Tudeh, in that they opposed the Islamic Republic and Ayatollah Khomeini's leadership.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are unknown. Mr. Rafik Noshadian Kozazi was arrested on October 15, 1981 and transferred to Evin prison. According to the above book, he had no visits with his family. Only before his execution, he was allowed to talk with his parents on the phone.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


No information is available on Mr. Rafik Noshadian Kozazi’s charges.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available about his defense.


No specific information is available about the verdict leading to this execution. Mr. Rafik Noshadian Kozazi was executed by a firing squad at Evin Prison on November 29, 1981. In his will, which was partially crossed out, he addressed “all those whom I love” and wrote: “These are my last words with you. I wish you success… My dear parents and sisters, I hear your voices and I am leaving this world in peace. My dear nieces, live with dignity and truth, and do not accept any disgrace. Life with disgrace is no better than death.”

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