Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Majid Kiani

About

Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: August 29, 1981
Location: Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Majid Kiani, son of Morad, along with fourteen others, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on August 31, 1981. The Public Relations Department of the Central Prosecution Office announced these executions in a statement. Mr. Kiani is one of the 430 “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of 400 members of the Organization who have been executed. Additionally, Mr. Kiani is one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Mr. Kiani was a university student.

The statement of the Central Revolutionary Prosecution Office states: “Hail to the fighters of the war against the world’s infidels under the leadership of blood-thirsty America, and hail to the heroic and martyr-producing nation, which obstruct criminals and merciless Hypocrites, and which reports these criminals against the Koran and Islam to the armed forces and the judiciary on a daily basis, and which accepts the calling of the Koran that ‘O Prophet, strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them’” [9: 73].

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

The statement of the Central Prosecution Office asserts that Mr. Kiani was charged with lived “in a safe house of the Organization, was an active member of the Student Section of the American small group of Peykar, and was in charge of communications.” The statement also says that 10 defendants, including Mr. Kiani were collectively charged with “having worked underground and served full-time for the hellish organization of Peykar and received salaries.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Kiani’s defense.

Judgment

َThe Central Islamic Revolutionary Court called Mr. Kiani “at war with God and His Prophet, corruptor on earth, and rebel.” He was condemned to death and shot by firing squad on August 29, 1981. He was 21 years old.

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