Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hamid Reza Khoshnam


Age: 21
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: August 4, 1981
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Armed rebellion against the Islamic Republic

About this Case

The Public Relations Office of Evin Prison announced the execution of Mr. Hamid Reza Khoshnam, son of Reza, and 11 other individuals to the Pars news agency. The news was published in the Kayhan and the Johuri Eslami newspapers on August 5, 1981. Mr. Khoshnam’s name is also mentioned in the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Peykar Andeesheh, the Peykar magazine, No. 120 (Sep. 29, 1981), and the addendum of the Mojahed magazine, No. 261 (Sep. 6, 1985) listing 12,028 individuals executed or killed in clashed with Iranian security forces.

Mr. Khoshnam was 21 years old and a member of the Arman-e Kargar Organization, which merged with the Peykar Organization. He was a candidate to become a member of the Peykar Organization, and was in charge of the regional committee of southern part of Tehran City (Peykar magazine). His brother, Majid Reza was also executed the same year.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

According to Peykar, Mr. Khoshnam was arrested during the raids of publishing houses and other centers of the Peykar Organization by the agents of the Islamic Republic in the summer of 1981. No further information is available on the arrest and detention of Mr. Khoshnam.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


Mr. Khoshnam was charged with “rebellion” or “armed action against the Islamic Republic” according to Kayhan and Jomhuri Eslami respectively.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on his defense.


The Central Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal condemned Mr. Hamid Reza Khoshnam to death. According to the Mojahed magazine, he was shot by a firing squad on August 4, 1981 in Evin prison.

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