Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Gholamreza (Mozafar) Shahsavaripur

About

Age: 46
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Married

Case

Date of Killing: May 12, 1990
Location of Killing: Central Prison (Adelabad), Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Drug trafficking
Age at time of offense: 42

About this Case

was imprisoned for four years and finally executed based only on the false confession of an accused person during the interrogation.

Information about the execution of Mr. Gholamreza (Mozafar) Shahsavaripur, son of Mahtal’at and Haji Esma’il, along with 14 people was obtained through the electronic form sent to the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center on October 21, 2012, Abdorrahman Boroumand Center interviews with his children (Reza and Homa), and documents available from the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center including Mr. Shahsavaripur’s death certificate.

Mr. Gholamreza Shahsavaripur, nicknamed Mozafar, was born on April 28, 1944 in a nomadic tribe in Sirjan County in Kerman province. He had a primary school level education, he liked reading, and he wrote beautifully in calligraphy. He was a farmer who tended livestock, as well as a truck driver. Mr. Shahsavaripur was married with three children. His children remember him as a kind, merciful, self-made, hopeful, and hardworking father with a good taste in clothes. He was a religious person and he was known for his opposition to the Islamic Republic in Iran.

Mr. Shahsavaripur’s case was related to “drug trafficking.”

Arrest and detention

In late 1986-early 1987, agents of the Khalili Komiteh in Shiraz (Center for Combating Narcotics and Social Corruption) along with the agents of the Sirjan Drug Control Headquarters arrested Mr. Shahsavaripur at his home in Sirjan and transferred him to the Khalili Komiteh in Shiraz. According to the interviewees, around 10 PM, about eight agents of the Khalili Komiteh entered Mr. Shahsavaripur’s home by jumping over the wall and arrested Mr. Shahsavaripur while beating him in front of his family. The agents arrested Mr. Shahsavaripur without a warrant and seized much of his property and household belongings, including family photo albums.

Mr. Shahsavaripur was interrogated for seven months by the Khalili Komiteh in Shiraz. During this time, he was severely tortured - including with whipping on the soles of his feet, violent beatings, and the use of abusive words - and denied the right to contact and visit with his family. Mr. Shahsavaripur did not have access to a lawyer at all stages of the proceedings.

After seven months of detention, Mr. Shahsavaripur met his family in the court yard. At this meeting, he talked with his family about the reason for his arrest and what happened during his detention at Khalili Komiteh, and showed them the signs of torture on his body. After the trial, Mr. Shahsavaripur was transferred to Adelabad Prison in Shiraz and was held there for about four years until the execution date. During this time, Mr. Shahsavaripur’s family - his wife and three children - were forced to travel 377 kilometers between Sirjan and Shiraz every week for visitation. His last visit was about a week before the execution, at a time when no one knew that it would be the last meeting.

Mr. Shahsavaripur was interrogated for seven months by the Khalili Komiteh in Shiraz. During this time, he was severely tortured, denied the right to contact and visit with his family, and did not have access to a lawyer.

Prior to execution, Mr. Shahsavaripur was held in the penitentiary facility at Adelabad Prison (customarily used to house prisoners in the hours immediately before their execution) in Shiraz for 15 days. An inmate should be transferred to such a facility only in the final hours prior to execution: holding prisoners in this place for a long time is intolerable and is considered to be torture.

According to available information, two months before Mr. Shahsavaripur’s arrest, the agents attempted to arrest him at his home, but since Mr. Shahsavaripur was not home at the time, the agents were not able to arrest him. After that, at the suggestion of his family members, Mr. Shahsavaripur did not return to his home for some time. After two months, however, he returned home because he believed that he had not committed any offenses, and was arrested shortly thereafter.

Trial

Branch Six of the Office of the Assistant Public Prosecutor in Shiraz conducted initial investigations in the case of Mr. Shahsavaripur. About seven months after Mr. Shahsavaripur’s arrest, his case was completed and sent to the Sharia Judge of the Revolutionary Court in Shiraz, and the Sharia Judge tried him in one session. There is no information available on the exact date and details of the trial.

Mr. Shahsavaripur had shown the signs of torture on his body to the judge, but the judge did not heed him.

According to the interviewees, Mr. Shahsavaripur had shown the signs of torture on his body to the judge, but the judge did not heed him.

Charges

The charge brought against Mr. Shahsavaripur was “drug trafficking.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Thousands of alleged drug traffickers have been sentenced to death following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. Scores of them were executed based on a 1989 law imposing mandatory death sentences on drug traffickers found in possession of specified amounts of proscribed narcotics (5 kg of hashish or opium, and more than 30 grams of heroin, codeine or methadone). The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

Confessions made by an individual who was arrested for drug trafficking against Shahsavaripur and 14 others were used as the sole evidence to prove Mr. Shahsavaripur’s charge. According to the available information, during his initial investigations, the person who made the confession identified several people as his accomplices with whom he had previously quarreled, thinking that he would be punished less with accomplices in the case.

Mr. Shahsavaripur had no criminal record, he was not addicted to drugs, and no drugs were discovered in his home.

According to the interviewee, during Mr. Shahsavaripur’s trail, the Sharia Judge had told him: “There are many reports against you in the case, and even if there was no confession against you, according to these reports, I’ll sentence you.” However, the Sharia Judge has not provided any explanation regarding the sources and content of these reports.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Shahsavaripur’s defense.

According to available information, there was no evidence against Mr. Shahsavaripur to prove the charge of drug trafficking, other than the confession of the arrested person. This came a time when Mr. Shahsavaripur had no criminal record, he was not addicted to drugs, and no drugs were discovered in his home. Even the person who confessed against him, retracted his confession several times, but the interrogators tortured him into finally affirming the confession.

The person who confessed against him, retracted his confession several times, but the interrogators tortured him into finally affirming the confession.

Another noteworthy point is that Mr. Shahsavaripur’s case was filed under his nickname (Mozafar), and was not corrected to his original name (Gholamreza) even after his execution, and none of the authorities paid attention to this matter.

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.

Judgment

The Sharia Judge of the Revolutionary Court in Shiraz sentenced Mr. Shahsavaripur to death. The Supreme Court upheld the verdict and he was executed immediately.

Mr. Gholamreza Shahsavaripur was hanged in Adelabad Prison in Shiraz along with 14 others on May 12, 1990.

One day before Mr. Shahsavaripur’s execution, his wife, along with the several other defendants’ wives, had travelled to the office of Iran’s Supreme Leader in Tehran to follow up on their loved ones’ cases, but nothing happened. Years later, Mr. Shahsavaripur’s children, who were young at the time of their father’s execution, sought the truth and reasons behind their father’s execution. Judiciary officials responded that since all cases are destroyed after 25 years, they could not access the files.

While the family were washing his body, the signs of torture were still visible.

The prison authorities did not provide Mr. Shahsavaripur or his family with an execution date. Following the execution, the family was informed about the execution and asked to be present at Adelabad Prison to receive Mr. Shahsavaripur’s body. Mr. Shahsavaripur’s family received his body along with four others, and transferred them to Sirjan with a pickup truck and buried them there. According to interviewees, while they were washing Mr. Shahsavaripur’s body, the signs of torture were still visible.

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*   Mr. Rahmatollah Eskandarzadeh, Mr. Mohammad Ali Esma’ili Bolurdi, Mr. Alibaz Eskandari Nasab, and Mr. Habibollah Keivan were among the people were executed along with Mr. Shahsavaripur. No information is available regarding to other individuals were executed at the same time along with Mr. Shahsavaripur.

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