Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Bijan Nasir Khaledi

About

Age: 20
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: November 3, 1982
Location: Sanandaj, Kordestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

The information about Mr. Bijan Nasir Khaledi, son of Nosratollah, was gathered from an interview with a relative. Mr. Nasir Khaledi was born in May 1962 in Sanandaj. In the summer of 1979, an internal armed conflict broke out in the region, between some armed oppositional groups and security forces of the Islamic Republic. After this incident, Mr. Nasir Khaledi and his family moved to Tehran. In 1981, they returned to their house in Sanandaj. He home-schooled himself and he graduated from high school in the spring of 1981 with very good grades. He was hoping to enroll in Kordestan University and study in a technical field. According to the interviewee, he was “mature for his age,” and was “very smart.” His family and friends predicted that he would have a brilliant and successful future.

According to information available, Mr. Nasir Khaledi was a sympathizer of the Fadaiyan Khlaq Organization, Majority Branch. His older brother, Mr. Hushang Nasir Khaledi, was executed in February of 1982.

The Fadaiyan Khalq Organization, a Marxist Leninist group, inspired by the Cuban Revolution and the urban guerilla movements of Latin America, was founded in 1971 by two communist groups opposed to the Pahlavi regime. After the 1979 Revolution, the organization, which renounced armed struggle, split over their support of the Islamic Republic and of the Soviet Union. The Fadaiyan Khalq Majority supported and considered the Islamic Republic as a revolutionary and anti-imperialist regime. After the spring of 1983, however, the Islamic Republic targeted its members solely because of their political beliefs.

Arrest and detention

The Revolutionary Guards arrested Mr. Nasir Khaledi in late June of 1981. The interviewee states that arrest without a warrant was “the norm.” The guards did not inform the family of his whereabouts after the arrest. With a lot of persistence, the family found out that he and his older brother, who had been arrested a few days before Bijan, were kept at the former SAVAK headquarters. (SAVAK was the National Intelligence and Security Organization of the Shah’s regime.)

In September 1981, the Nasir Khaledi brothers had their first visit with family members. However, they could not speak freely since they were under surveillance during the visit. According to the information available, they were both kept in a dirty room and were under constant interrogation.

Trial

Based on the information available, there was no public trial. His family was not aware of any trial.

Charges

The charges brought against Mr. Nasir Khaledi are not known. State officials referred to him as “counter-revolutionary” off the record.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the accused.

Defense

No information is available concerning Mr. Nasir Khaledi’s defense. The interviewee states that his charge was baseless.

Judgment

No specific information is available about the verdict leading to this execution. On November 3, 1982, his family members went to the former SAVAK headquarters to visit Mr. Nasir Khaledi, but the prison officials told them that “he was not there.” After a few days, families of other prisoners informed the Nasir Khaledis that the bodies of those recently executed were buried at the Behesht-e Mohammadi cemetery in Sanandaj. They could not freely go to the cemetery since armed men prevented families from visiting the cemetery. The Nasir Khaledi family secretly went to the cemetery and found Bijan’s clothes in a trash can. They believe that he was executed the same day they visited the prison. At the time of the execution, Bijan was 20 years old.

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