Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Mohammad Reza Salmani

About

Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: June 15, 1985
Location: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Fatal
Charges: Attempt to assassinate or assassination of state dignitaries

About this Case

Mr. Mohammad Reza Salmani, son of Abolqasem, is one of the 12028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine. The execution of Mr. Salmani, along with 5 others, was announced in a communiqué of the public relations department of the revolutionary prosecution’s office of Tehran and reported in the Kayhan newspaper on June 17, 1985. The newspaper report refers to them as “six members of the small group of infidel Hypocrites that is at war with God.”

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

According to this communiqué, Mr. Salmani was charged with being “a member of the terror cells of the Hypocrites organization [‘Hypocrites’: term Islamic Republic authorities used to refer to the Mojahedin Khalq Organization], participating in three assassination operations, martyring and wounding 3 persons of the Hezbollahi [Party of God] nation, and attacking the Islamic Revolution’s Chief Public Prosecutor by an RPG 7.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Each year, Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the accused.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Salmani’s defense.

Judgment

The Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Tehran sentenced Mr. Salmani to death. He and 5 others were executed in Evin prison on June 15, 1985 “in the presence of the honorable family members of the persons that they have martyred.”

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