Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Najm Navaser


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: January 31, 1989
Location of Killing: Ahvaz, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Unspecified execution method
Charges: Unspecified offense; Espionage

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Najm Navaser, along with another person, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on February 1, 1989 quoting a statement by the Islamic Revolutionary Public Prosecution Office in Ahvaz. Mr. Najm Navaser was charged with espionage.

Arrest and Detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known. According to the statement by the Islamic Revolutionary Public Prosecution Office in Ahvaz, "People's cooperation and awareness of the agents of the Intelligence Office of the Khuzestan Province resulted in the defendant's arrest."


No information is available on the defendant’s trial. The trial took place in the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Ahvaz.


The charges against Mr. Najm Navaser were announced as follows:

“1. Cooperation with the intelligence and espionage units of the Zionist Ba'ath regime of Iraq

“2. Espionage and sending Iranian information and economy and military news to Iraq's embassy

“3. Receiving financial support from the Iraq embassy for espionage purposes

“4. Membership in the separatist groups loyal to the Ba'ath regime of Iraq

“5. Attempting to organize anti-revolutionary forces in order to establish an espionage network for the Ba'ath regime of Iraq.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for alleged drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of Guilt

The evidence provided against the defendant is reported as his own "confessions".

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees, and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.


No information is available on Mr. Navaser's defenSe.


The court condemned Mr. Najm Navaser to death, and after the ruling was confirmed by the Supreme Judiciary Council, he was executed in Ahvaz on January 31, 1989.

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