Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Morteza Farahmand

About

Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: August 29, 1981
Location: Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Morteza Farahmand, son of Azizollah, along with fourteen others, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on August 31, 1981. The Public Relations Department of the Prosecution Office announced these executions, the defendants’ names and their charges, and released it to the press. Mr. Farahmand is also one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. Additionally, Mr. Farahmand is one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The communiqué of the Public Relations Department of the Prosecution Office states, “Greetings to the fighters of the battle against world infidels led by blood-thirsty America, and greetings to the nation which produces martyrs and heroes; [the nation that] impedes cruel and criminal Hypocrites and arrests a new group of them every day and brings them to the police or the judicial forces; [the nation that] accepts the calling of the Quran saying, ‘O Prophet! Strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them.’” [IX: 73]

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a "Social imperialist" state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

According to the announcement, the charges against Mr. Farahmand were announced as "being an active member of the apostate organization of Peykar and being in charge of Radio Peykar, especially during the May First program." Also, he and 14 others were chared with "having worked underground and served full-time for the hellish organization and received salaries."

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Farahmand’s defense.

Judgment

َThe Islamic Revolutionary Court of Tehran identified Mr. Farahmand as "an enemy of God and His Prophet, a corruptor on earth, and a rebel" and condemned him to death. He was executed by firing squad on August 29, 1981.

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