Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Mahmud Samadi


Age: 25
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: February 2, 1981
Location of Killing: Mahshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Mahmud Samadi, along with another person, was published in the Peykar publication (No. 95 February 23, 1981 and No. 97, March 9, 1981). Mr. Samadi is one of the 430 “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of 400 members and sympathizers of the organization who have been executed. The book From an Ebullient Ideal, published by the sympathizers of the Peykar Organization in August of 1985, also reports this execution.

Mr. Samadi was born in Abadan in 1955. He was a student of School of Education at Tehran University. Mr. Samadi was a co-founder of the student section of Peykar. He was in charge of the Peykar student section in Abadan.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

According to Peykar, Mr. Samadi was arrested in Mahshahr on December 24, 1980, 37 days before his execution. His death certificate states that signs of torture were seen on his body.


Mr. Samadi was tried in the Mahshahr Islamic Revolutionary Court.


According to the Peykar Organization’s reports, Mr. Samadi was charged with “propaganda against the Iran-Iraq war and organizing the war victims’ movement.”

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Samadi’s defense.


Mr. Samadi was executed by firing squad in Mahshahr on February 2, 1981. His body was buried in the Beheshabad cemetery in Ahvaz.

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