Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Abolqasem Efatpanah


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: April 8, 1984
Location of Killing: Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Drug trafficking; Drug possession

About this Case

The execution of Mr. Abolqasem Efatpanah, along with 24 others, was announced in a communiqué by the Anti-Narcotics Section of the Public Prosecutor’s Office. The communiqué was reported in the Jomhuri Eslami daily on April 9, 1984.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


According to this communiqué, Mr. Efatpanah was charged with “establishing an international drug-trafficking gang, being actively involved in supplying and distributing narcotics, buying 4300 kg of heroin from eastern Iran and selling it in Tehran, and having contacts with major traffickers on the eastern borderline of Iran.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have brought trumped up charges against their political opponents and executed them for drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Thousands of alleged drug traffickers have been sentenced to death following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown

Evidence of guilt

According to this report, Mr Efatpanah was “in possession of 531 g of heroin when he was arrested, and had a criminal record for supplying and distributing narcotics.”


No information is available on Mr. Efatpanah’s defense.


The Anti-Narcotics Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal sentenced Mr. Efatpanah to death. After being confirmed by the Supreme Court, the sentence was carried out at dawn.

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