Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Gholam Reza Zarghami


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: September 28, 1979
Location of Killing: Ahvaz, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Sexual Offense; Religious offense; Anti-revolutionary offense

About this Case

The execution of Mr. Gholam Reza Zarghami was announced by the spokesman of the Islamic Revolutionary Public Prosecution Office of Khuzastan in Ahvaz, quoted by the Pars News Agency (Enqelab Eslami, Jomhuri Eslami, and Kayhan newspapers, September 30, 1979).

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


The defendant was charged with “deluding and raping boys, adultery, drinking alcoholic beverages, moral corruption, counter-revolutionary activities, hooliganism, and gambling.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Each year, Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

The Kayhan report referred to “the defendant’s clear confession” regarding the first three charges and “other evidence in his file.”

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress. In the case of political detainees, these confessions are, at times, televised. The National Television broadcasts confessions during which prisoners plead guilty to vague and false charges, repent and renounce their political beliefs, and/or implicate others. Human rights organizations have also pointed to the pattern of retracted confessions by those prisoners who are freed.


No information is available on the defense.


The Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Ahvaz declared Mr. Zarghami a “corruptor on earth” and sentenced him to death. He was executed immediately thereafter.

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