Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ya'qub Yaqini


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: October 6, 1979
Location of Killing: Central Prison, Tabriz, Azarbaijan-e Sharqi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Collaborating with the political police SAVAK

About this Case

About this Case

The news regarding Mr. Yaqub Yaqini’s execution was published in Kayhan and Jomhuri Eslami Daily on 6 October 1979 and Enqelab Eslami Daily on 7 October 1979. Other information regarding this case was collected from Kayhan Daily (3 and 4 October 1979).

Mr. Yaqini was a member of SAVAK which was the intelligence organization under the Shah’s regime. According to newspaper reports, he was “leading the operations” and “interrogations” for SAVAK. Also, according to Kayhan, he was “the head of Internal Security Department in Tehran, Rasht, Anzali, Kermanshah and Tabriz” (Jomhuri Eslami and Kayhan, 6 October 1979, Enqelab Eslami, 7 October 1979).

Arrest and detention

There is no specific information on the defendant’s arrest and detention.


Kayhan Daily reported on 3 October 1979 that the trial of Mr. Yaqini had been started along with 11 others in the Revolutionary Tribunal of Tabriz. This trial continued until 5 October 1979 in 6 sessions. It seems that only the second session was relevant to Mr. Yaqini from which a very small amount of time was allocated to him. The session began at 5 p.m. and included the indictments of 5 other defendants–all read aloud—and the trials of two other defendants. During one trial of the same session, 10 individuals testified against the defendant (Kayhan, 4 October 1979).


Mr. Yaqini’s charges are not clear, but Kayhan Daily reported that the charges of all the 11 individuals including Mr. Yaqini at the Revolutionary Tribunal of Tabriz were “cooperation with the former regime, torture, participation in the massacre of the Azarbaijani warriors, etc” (Kayhan, 3 October 1979).

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Yaqini’s defense. There is no indication of the defendant’s lawyer in the entire news report, and it is not clear if he had access to other standards of effective defense such as summoning witnesses, questioning the prosecutor’s witnesses, etc.

It seems that Mr. Yaqini denied his charges. It was said in the report by Kayhan quoting Mr. Yaqini: “When I was in Kermanshah, I knew that there had been some sessions in the houses. The statements by Imam Khomeini were copied and distributed, but I turned a blind eye on them intentionally.” It seems here that the judge ignored the neutrality and played the prosecutor’s role from time to time. For example, in the same session he asked Mr. Yaqini in response to his defense how much his paycheck was. After finding out about his salary, he said: “The biggest enemy of the damned Pahlavi Regime was Imam Khomeini, and SAVAK used to give you 11 thousand tomans to let them distribute his statements? Then you were in SAVAK and you did not react? Do you really want us to accept this?!” (Kayhan, 4 October 1979)


The Revolutionary Tribunal of Tabriz recognized Mr. Yaqini guilty of “corruption on earth” and “waging war against god” and sentenced him to death. This verdict was carried out in less than 2 hours between 1:00 and 1:30 a.m. on 5 October 1979 (Jomhuri Eslami and Kayhan, 6 October 1979, Enqelab Eslami, 7 October 1979).

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