Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

J. Sh.


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: January 3, 2012
Location: Arak, Markazi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Drug related offense; Drug possession

About this Case

The news of Mr. J. Sh. Arak’s execution and that of another person was announced on the website of the provincial Ministry of Justice office of Markazi Province. The ISNA bureau of Markazi Province also quoted the announcement from the public relations section of the provincial Ministry of Justice office of Markazi Province on January 3, 2012. Mr. J. Sh. Arak’s case concerns drug trafficking.

Arrest and Detention

The circumstances of Mr. J. Sh. Arak’s arrest and detention are not known.


Mr. J. Sh. Arak was tried by Branch Two of the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Arak County. However, there is no information available on the session or sessions of his trial.


Mr. J. Sh. Arak was charged with “keeping and carrying narcotics.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Thousands of alleged drug traffickers have been sentenced to death following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. Scores of them were executed based on a 1989 law imposing mandatory death sentences on drug traffickers found in possession of specified amounts of proscribed narcotics (5 kg of hashish or opium, and more than 30 grams of heroin, codeine or methadone). The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of Guilt

“Possessing two kilograms and five hundred grams of compressed heroin” was entered as evidence against Mr. J. Sh. Arak.


No information is available on Mr. Mr. J. Sh. Arak’s defense.


Branch Two of the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Arak County sentenced Mr. J. Sh. Arak to death. The verdict was approved by the Chief Public Prosecutor. Mr. Mr. J. Sh. Arak was hanged to death in Arak Central Prison on Tuesday, January 3, 2012.

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