Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Esma'il Ram Hafshajani


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: April 11, 2012
Location: Central Prison, Shahr-e Kord, Chaharmahal Va-Bakhtiari Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Drug trafficking

About this Case

The news of Mr. Ram Esmail Hafshajani’s execution along with two others was announced by the websites of Chaharmahal and Bakhtyari Central News Unit, the Young Reporters’ Club of Chaharmahal and Bakhtyari Province (April 11, 2012), the Young Reporters’ Club (April 10, 2012), and ISNA, the Iranian Students’ News Agency (April 14, 2012), all quoting the Deputy Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor of Shahr-e Kord County. His case concerns carrying narcotics.

Arrest and Detention

Mr. Hafshajani was arrested on June 8, 2010. According to the Chaharmahal and Bakhtyari Central News Unit, he was imprisoned for two years. However, there is no information available on the details of his arrest and detention.


Mr. Hafshajani was tried by the Revolutionary Court of Shahr-e Kord. However, there is no information available on the session or sessions of his trial.


Mr. Hafshajani was charged with "Drug Trafficking". He was accused of carrying heroin, crack, and methamphetamine.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Thousands of alleged drug traffickers have been sentenced to death following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. Scores of them were executed based on a 1989 law imposing mandatory death sentences on drug traffickers found in possession of specified amounts of proscribed narcotics (5 kg of hashish or opium, and more than 30 grams of heroin, codeine or methadone). The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of Guilt

According to the Chaharmahal and Bakhtyari Central News Unit, “possession of 400 grams of crack, 22 grams of methamphetamine, and 14 grams of hashish” was entered as evidence against Mr. Hafshajani.


Mr. Hafshajani asked for pardon, but his appeal was rejected. There is no information available on his defense.


Mr. Ram Esmail Hafshajani was sentenced to death by the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Shahr-e Kord. After the verdict was approved, he and two others were hanged in Shahr-e Kord Central Prison on April 10, 2012.

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