Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Amir Shirmohammadi

About

Age: 21
Nationality: Afghanistan
Religion: Unknown
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: October 16, 2011
Location of Killing: Dastgerd Prison, Dastgerd, Esfahan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Drug possession
Age at time of offense: 17

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Amir Shirmohammadi, along with three others, was published on the website of the Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran on October 19, 2011. He was an Afghan citizen and his case was related to narcotics. According to his family, he was 17 years old when the crime was committed; but, in his case document, they falsely wrote 33.

International laws have strictly prohibited capital punishment against those who were under the age of 18 at the time of committing the crime. As a party to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Iran has the obligation to avoid capital punishment for an offence committed before the age of eighteen.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Shirmohammadi was arrested in 2007. He was first detained at the Children’s Rehabilitation Center in Esfahan for four years, and then at the Youth Section of the Esfahan Central Prison (Dastgerd). However, the circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

No information is available on Mr. Shirmohammadi’s trial.

Charges

The charge brought against Mr. Shirmohammadi was announced as “possession of narcotics.”       

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Thousands of alleged drug traffickers have been sentenced to death following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. Scores of them were executed based on a 1989 law imposing mandatory death sentences on drug traffickers found in possession of specified amounts of proscribed narcotics (5 kg of hashish or opium, and more than 30 grams of heroin, codeine or methadone). The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution did not provide any specific information on the evidence presented against Mr. Shirmohammadi.

Defense

Mr. Shirmohammadi was under 18 years old when the crime was committed. No information is available on his defense.

Judgment

Mr. Shirmohammadi was hanged, along with three others, at the Esfahan Central Prison (Dastgerd) on October 16, 2011. His body was given to his family two days later. He was buried at Gaz-Barkhar Cemetery near Shahinshahr in Esfahan. According to the Head of Sentence Enforcement of the Esfahan Revolutionary Court, the reason for the delay in giving the body to his family was the problem that the family created for the Islamic Republic regime. Authorities asked the family not to take pictures or films of the body. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran) 

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