Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hamid Reza Qadimi

About

Age: 19
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: July 2, 2008
Location: Esfahan Prison, Esfahan, Esfahan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Murder
Age at time of offense: 17

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Hamid Reza Qadimi was published on the websites of Esfahan General Courthouse, the E’temad Melli newspaper, the Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran, and Ebrat News Base on July 2, 2008. He was from Daran near Faridan in Esfahan. His case was related to the murder of an individual in Daran on May 22, 2006. Mr. Qadimi was only 17 years old when the incident occurred.

International laws have strictly prohibited capital punishment against those who were under the age of 18 at the time of committing the crime. As a party to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Iran has the obligation to avoid capital punishment for an offence committed before the age of eighteen.

Arrest and detention

On May 22, 2006, Mr. Qadimi went to the local police station in Daran and claimed that he had stabbed a friend with a knife during a fight and transferred him to the hospital. The Deputy Sheriff arrested him after hearing his statement. He was detained for two years. (E’temad Melli newspaper)

Trial

Branch 17 of the Criminal Court of Esfahan tried Mr. Qadimi. A judge and four advisors were present during the trial. No information is available on his trial. (E’temad Melli newspaper)

Charges

The charge brought against Mr. Qadimi was announced as “murder.” He had killed the victim by stabbing him in the chest. (Esfahan General Courthouse)        

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.  International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted and executed based on trumped-up charges is unknown.  

Evidence of guilt

The evidence presented against Mr. Qadimi was “his confession during interrogation and trial, questioning the witnesses, forensics report, and having a criminal record.” In his confession, Mr. Qadimi stated that the victim came to his house demanding five thousand Tumans debt on the day of the incident. When he told the victim that he had no money, they got into a fight and he stabbed the victim in his chest with the knife he carried. (Esfahan General Courthouse)

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.

Defense

Mr. Qadimi was younger than 18 when the crime was committed. In his defense, he stated that he did not intend to kill the victim but was angry. He also expressed regret. After his objection to the court ruling, his case was referred to the Supreme Court. (Ebrat News Base)

Judgment

Branch 17 of the Criminal Court of Esfahan condemned Mr. Hamid Reza Qadimi to death. The Supreme Court and the Head of Judiciary confirmed the ruling. He was hanged in the presence of the victim’s family in Esfahan Central Prison on July 2, 2008.   

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