Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Amir Hushang Fazlollahzadeh

About

Age: 19
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: November, 2007
Location: Tonekabon (Shahsavar), Mazandaran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Murder
Age at time of offense: 16

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Amir Hushang Fazlollahzadeh was published on the website of Varesh, Asieh Amini weblog, on March 1, 2008. Additional information was taken from the website of Mazandnumeh on January 27, 2005. His case was related to the murder of a 19-year-old man in Tonokabon, Mazandaran, during a fight in 2004. Mr. Fazlollahzadeh was only 16 years old when the crime was committed.

International laws have strictly prohibited capital punishment against those who were under the age of 18 at the time of committing the crime. As a party to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Iran has the obligation to avoid capital punishment for an offence committed before the age of eighteen.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Fazlollahzadeh was arrested after the fight and was detained for three years. The circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

No information is available on Mr. Fazlollahzadeh’s trial.

Charges

The charge brought against Mr. Fazlollahzadeh was announced as “murder.”        

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.  International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted and executed based on trumped-up charges is unknown.  

Evidence of guilt

The evidence presented against Mr. Fazlollahzadeh was his “confession” and “having a record of harassment in the neighborhood.” (website of Mazandnumeh)

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.

Defense

Mr. Fazlollahzadeh was younger than 18 when the crime was committed. He was in a fight with three individuals who beat him and threatened him with a knife when he defended himself and hit an individual’s leg with a knife. Because of the bleeding that person died on his way to a hospital. The victim had a record for harassment in the neighborhood. No information is available on Mr. Fazlollahzadeh’s defense.

Judgment

Mr. Amir Hushang Fazlollahzadeh was condemned to death. He was hanged in public in Khoramabad, Tonokabon, in the fall of 2007. The victim’s father carried out the ruling.  

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