Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Sadeq Sadeqi

About

Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: July 5, 1981
Location: Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Corruption on earth; Sedition and/ or threat to public security; War on God

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Sadeq Sadeqi, son of Hassan, along with twenty-two others, was published in the Kayhan and Jomhuri Eslaminewspapers on July 19, 1981, quoting the Public Relations Office of the Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office of the Islamic Republic.

Mr. Sadeq Sadeqi is also one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine. According to this source, Mr. Sadeq Sadeqi was a sympathizer of the Peykar Organization; however, according to the Public Relations Office of the Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office of the Islamic Republic, he was an activist of the Kordestan Democratic Party and in charge of connections with the Mojahedin Khalq Organization.

The Kordish Democratic Party of Iran (PDKI) was founded in 1945 with the objective of gaining autonomy for Kurdistan, in north-west Iran. After the Revolution, conflicts between the new central Shiite government and mainly Sunni Kurdistan, regarding the role of minorities in the drafting of the constitution, specification of Shiite as the official state religion, and particularly the autonomy of the region, ended in armed clashes between the Revolutionary Guards and the peshmerga (the militia of the PDKI). The PDKI boycotted the referendum of April 1, 1979, when people went to polls to vote for or against the Islamic regime. On August 19, 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini called the PDKI the “party of Satan” and declared it “unofficial and illegal.” Mass executions and fighting broke out and continued for several months in the region. By 1983, the PDKI had lost much of its influence in the region. Various leaders of the PDKI have been assassinated.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a "Social imperialist" state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

There is no specific information on the defendant’s arrest and detention. According to the statement by the Public Prosecutor’s Office, “he had attempted to commit suicide, after being identified.”

Trial

The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Tehran tried Mr. Sadeq Sadeqi. No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

The charges against Mr. Sadeq Sadeqi were announced as, “an active member of the criminal Kordestan Democratic Party and in charge of connections with the Monafeqin [Mojahedin Khalq] Organization in Kashan, apostate, espionage, acts against the Islamic Republic, and being a prison guard for democrats.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution did not provide any specific information on the evidence presented against this defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Sadeq Sadeqi's defense.

Judgment

َThe Islamic Revolutionary Court of Kashan identified Mr. Sadeq Sadeqi as "Mofsed (corruptor on Earth), Mohareb (fighter) against God, and Baghi (rebel)." He was condemned to death. The ruling was carried out when he was executed by firing squad in the Evin prison yard on July 5, 1981 at night. No specific information is available about the defendant’s execution.

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