Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hassan Valipur

About

Nationality: Iran
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: July 8, 1981
Location: Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Participating in armed demonstrations; Possession of arms; Sedition and/ or threat to public security; War on God, God's Prophet and the deputy of the Twelfth Imam

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Hassan Valipur, son of Hakam, along with another person, was published in the Kayhan newspaper on July 9, 1981.

Mr. Hassan Valipur is one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a "Social imperialist" state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Shiraz announced the charges against Mr. Hassan Valipur as, “participation in clashes of the Maoist group of Peykar, throwing four Molotov cocktails toward people, and attempting to escape carrying three more Molotov cocktails when arrested.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Hassan Valipur's defense.

Judgment

َThe Islamic Revolutionary Court of Shiraz identified Mr. Hassan Valipur as "Mohareb (fighter) against God and the People, and Baghi (rebel)." He was condemned to death. The ruling was carried out when he was executed in Shiraz on July 8, 1981.

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