Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hossein Jamshidi


Age: 23
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: September 21, 1981
Location of Killing: Hamedan, Hamedan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Actively opposing the Islamic Republic; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech; Printing/distributing leaflets; Unspecified counter-revolutionary offense

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Hossein Jamshidi, son of Ali, along with three others, was published in the Kayhan newspaper on September 22, 1981. The identity and charges against the defendant were announced by the Public Relations Department of the Central Prosecution Office. Mr. Jamshidi is one of the 430 “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed. Additionally, his name is mentioned among the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Mr. Jamshidi studied law at the National University and was one of the leaders of the Peykar Student Organization in Hamedan.

The statement of the Prosecution Office begins with this verse of the Quran, “And fight against them until there is no more oppression and all worship is devoted to God alone” [VIII: 39].

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on the trial.


Mr. Jamshidi and three others were collectively charged with “plotting and action against the Islamic Republic Regime, participation in street fighting, member of a dependant group and approval of its policy of armed struggle in order to overthrow the Islamic regime, distribution of illegal publications, and misleading the youth.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Jamshidi’s defense.


َThe Islamic Revolutionary Court of Hamadan called Mr. Jamshidi “at war with God, a corruptor on earth, and a rebel against the Islamic regime.” He was condemned to death and executed in Hamadan on September 21, 1981. He was 23.

Correct/ Complete This Entry