Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ata Nazem Razavi


Age: 27
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: July 6, 1981
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Apostasy; Actively opposing the Islamic Republic

About this Case

The information about Ms. Ata Nazem Razavi, daughter of Abolfat’h, has been drawn from an interview with a person close to her. Her execution along with twenty-two others, was published in the Kayhan and Jomhuri Eslami newspapers on July 7, 1981 (her name is mistakenly reported to be Atieh). The Public Relations Department of the Public Prosecutor’s Office issued an announcement concerning these executions, the defendants’ names, and their charges, and released it to the news agencies. She is also is one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. Her name (also mistakenly published as Atieh) is mention among the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine. Additionally, the Peykar publication, number 122, published on October 12, 1981 mentions her as well.

Ms. Nazem-Razavi was born in Kashan in 1955. She was a member of the editorial board of the journal Peyke-Kargar and a member of the Central Cell of sympathizers of the Peykar Organization in Kashan. She was also a teacher in the Ministry of Education and specialist in the education of children with special needs.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a "Social imperialist" state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

Ms. Nazem-Razavi was arrested in Kashan on June 28, 1981.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


The Public Relations Department of the Central Public Prosecutor’s Office announced the charges against Ms. Nazem-Razavi as, "action against Islam and Moslems, rioting, disturbance, misleading small and ignorant students, and being apostate."

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Ms. Nazem-Razavi's defense.


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Kashan identified Ms. Ata Nazem-Razavi as "an enemy of God, a corruptor on earth, and a rebel." She was executed in Evin prison on July 5, 1981.

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