Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Majid Reza Khoshnam


Age: 22
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: August 29, 1981
Location of Killing: Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Armed robbery; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech; Living in safe houses; Printing/distributing leaflets

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Majid Reza Khoshnam, son of Reza, along with fourteen others, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on August 31, 1981. The Public Relations Department of the Central Public Prosecutor’s Office announced these executions, the defendants’ names and their charges, and released it to the press. This execution was also announced in the Peykar publication, number 120, dated September 29, 1981. Moreover, Mr. Khoshnam is one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed.

Additionally, Mr. Khoshnam is one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The communiqué of the Public Relations Department of the Central Revolutionary Public Prosecutor’s Office states: “Hail to the fighters of the war against the world infidels under the leadership of blood-thirsty America, and hail to the heroic and martyr-producing nation, which obstruct criminals and merciless Hypocrites, and which reports these criminals against the Koran and Islam to the armed forces and the judiciary on a daily basis, and which accepts the calling of the Koran that ‘O Prophet, strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them’” [9: 73].

According to the Peykar magazine, Mr. Khoshnam was a member of a group called “Fighters for Workers’ Ideals.” This group later joined the Peykar Organization and Mr. Khoshnam worked in the Central Publication of the latter. His brother, Mr. Hamid Reza Khoshnam was also executed in 1981.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

According to the Peykar, Mr. Khoshnam was arrested during a coordinated attack by the Islamic Regime’s agents on the publication and other centers of the Peykar Organization. The exact circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


In the communiqué of the Public Relations Department of the Central Revolutionary Public Prosecutor’s Office, the collective charges against Mr. Khoshnam and 5 other individuals were announced as:
“a) Being in charge of the Publication and Distribution Committee for internal use [in the Peykar Organization] under the cover of two lithographic companies called Azar and Technofine;
b) Armed robbery from Melli Bank on Salsabil [street in Tehran, now renamed Rudaki] and stealing the salaries in of the employees of General Motors in Karaj;
c) Living in safe-houses in order to plan for assassinations and overthrow of the Islamic Republic.”
Moreover, fifteen defendants including Mr. Khoshnam, were charged with “working full-time, professionally, and secretively for the hellish Organization and received salary.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Khoshnam’s defense.


َThe Central Islamic Revolutionary Court called Mr. Majid Reza Khoshnam “at war with God, corruptor on earth and a rebel” and condemned him to death. He was shot by a firing squad on August 29, 1981. He was 22 years old.

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