Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Khadijeh Arfa'


Age: 24
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: 1983
Location of Killing: Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

Her independence, which would take her far, was honed in the family nest.  Later, she was not only “the sweetheart among all her friends,” but pressed them, too, for their answers.

Information about Ms. Khadijeh Arfa’ was obtained from an Omid Memorial electronic form filled in by a friend who went to college with her, as well as from a book published by Rah-e Kargar (Worker’s Path) titled Our Martyrs in the Path to Freedom, the Path to Socialism.

Ms. Arfa’ was born in 1959 in Nurabad of Mamasani to a traditional family. Her father was the village mullah. She worked hard to gain her independence in the family. Before the Revolution in 1979, she left to study at the Social Science Faculty of Tehran University. One of her friends from college recounts: “On the first day of school in 1977, Ms. Arfa’ entered the university in her traditional tribal dress and long braids. She kept her sweet provincial accent till the end.

Ms. Arfa’ kept her independence even when she was part of a group. She had a critical edge and kept asking How and Why. After the Revolution, she joined Rah-e Kargar and had an active role in advertising for the group and distributing its statements and publications. Once the universities were closed for Cultural Revolution, she returned to Shiraz and continued her activism with Rah-e Kargar from there. It was there that she married Mr. Changiz Ahmadi, who was also later executed. Ms. Arfa’ was the sweetheart among all her friends and cellmates because of her simple charm and inner beauty.

Rah-e Kargar (Worker’s Path) or Organization of the Revolutionary Workers of Iran announced its existence in July 1979. The organization consisted of various leftist groups that opposed guerilla warfare, were in favor of political opposition, and proclaimed themselves as Marxist-Leninists for socialist revolution and rule of the proletariat. They differed from the Tudeh Party (communist party supportive of the Soviet Union) in that they opposed the Islamic Republic and Ayatollah Khomeini’s leadership from the beginning.

Arrest and detention

Ms. Arfa’ was arrested along with her husband in the spring of 1982. The details of her arrest and detention remain unknown. According to her cellmates, she was tortured.


No information regarding this individual’s trial is available.


The charges brought against Ms. Arfa’ are not known.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on this individual’s defense.


Ms. Arfa’ was executed in Shiraz in 1983. No further details are available.



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