Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hamideh Manafi Daryan

About

Age: 23
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: 1981
Location: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unspecified counter-revolutionary offense

About this Case

The information about Ms. Hamideh Manafi Daryan is based on an interview with her cousin.

Ms. Manafi (Mojahedin Khalq Iran) is also one of the 12028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.She was born in Tehran in 1960.

She was a student in Pars College and a sympathizer of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization. Her seventeen year old brother, Farhad, committed suicide with a grenade when Revolutionary Guards attempted to arrest him in his uncle’s house. The Guards arrested her uncle who served five years in prison.

The Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) was founded in 1965. This organization adapted the principles of Islam as its ideological guideline. However, its members’ interpretation of Islam was revolutionary and they believed in armed struggle against the Shah’s regime. They valued Marxism as a progressive method for economic and social analysis but considered Islam as their source of inspiration, culture, and ideology. In the 1970s, the MKO was weakened when many of its members were imprisoned and executed. In 1975, following a deep ideological crisis, the organization refuted Islam as its ideology and, after a few of its members were killed and other Muslim members purged, the organization proclaimed Marxism as its ideology. This move led to split of the Marxist-Leninist Section of the MKO in 1977. In January of 1979, the imprisoned Muslim leaders of the MKO were released along with other political prisoners. They began to re-organize the MKO and recruit new members based on Islamic ideology. After the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of the Islamic Republic, the MKO accepted the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini and supported the Revolution. Active participation in the political scene and infiltration of governmental institutions were foremost on the organization’s agenda. During the first two years after the Revolution, the MKO succeeded in recruiting numerous sympathizers, especially in high schools and universities; but its efforts to gain political power, either by appointment or election, were strongly opposed by the Islamic Republic leaders. *

Arrest and detention

According to the interviewee, Ms. Manafi Daryan was arrested in a Mojahedin Khalq Organization team house and was transferred to Evin prison. The officials denied her any visitation right claiming that she had not revealed her name.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

No information is available on Ms. Manafi Daryan’s charges.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available about her defense. Ms. Manafi Daryan was denied the right to have an attorney.

Judgment

According to the interviewee, in 1982 when Ms. Hamideh Manafi Daryan’s father went to Evin prison in order to look for his daughter, the Head of the prison, Lajevardi, told him that his daughter had been executed and gave him an envelope containing 150 Tumans. According to the interviewee, the officials forcefully married and raped the young girls before their execution on the pretext that a virgin cannot be executed. That 150 Tumans was his daughter dowry.

Correct/ Complete This Entry