Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Minu Sotudehpeima


Age: 21
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: January 10, 1982
Location of Killing: Chalus, Gilan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

Ms. Minu Sotudehpeima, daughter of Esma’il and Ozra is one of the 430 individuals whose name appears on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Peykar Andeesheh.

Additional information has been collected from her friends within and outside the organization. Ms. Sotudehpeima’s execution was also announced in the addendum of the Mojahed magazine, No. 261, published by the Mojahedin Khalgh Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes 12,028 individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

According to collected information, Ms. Sotudehpeima was born in a middle class family in Lahijan on 27 March 1960. She was single and a university student who worked in the Student department and Publication department of the Peykar Organziation in Rasht. Her fiancé, Mr. Valiollah Rudgarian has also been executed. Friends and relatives remember her as a kind, serious and humanitarian person.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a "Social imperialist" state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

According to available information, Ms. Sotudehpeima was arrested along with two other friends at her home in Rasht on either 22 or 23 December 1981. It seems that he house had been under surveillance. The revolutionary guards jumped over the walls into the yard and took all three away. Their room was sealed confiscated by the Prosecutor’s office. Ms. Sotudehpeima spent a few days in Rasht and the last days of her detention in Chalus Prison. She did not have any visitations during her 19-day detention.


No information is available on Ms. Sotudehpeima’s trial.


The charge brought against Ms. Soudehpeima is not known.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Ms. Sotudehpeima’s defense.


According to information collected on Ms. Sotudehpeima, she was executed by firing squad in Chalus on January 10, 1982 along with her three other friends. (Ms. Sediqe FalakruMs. Tahereh Mirehsan, and Ms. Tahereh Poshtiban)

The revolutionary guards took her body to Lahijan hospital on the same day. Ms. Sotudehpeima and Ms Mirehsan’s bodies were turned over to their families after they obtained a written permission and verbally pledged not to conduct any funeral ceremonies. They took the bodies to Agha Seyyed Mohammad cemetery. Minu’s friends washed her body there. All four had been shot in the head. The authorities did not let the family bury her body in the public cemetery because she was a communist. Ms. Sotudehpeima and Ms. Mirehsan, who were relatives, were buried in a family garden in Choshal village in Lahijan. Ms. Sotudehpeima was 21 years old.

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