Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ma'sumeh Qajar Azdanlu


Age: 23
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam (Shi'a)
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: September 29, 1982
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

Ms. Ma'sumeh Qajar Azdanlu is one of the 1,533 executed prisoners listed by the Association of Iranian Women of Köln (Germany). The list published on September 10, 1997, and is entitled: "A Partial List of Women Executed by the Islamic Republic of Iran.” This list has been updated by former political prisoners living in various countries.

This execution was also reported in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) in 1985. The list includes 12028 individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Additional information about Ms. Qajar Azdanlu is taken from the MKO website. She was born in Tehran, was an industrial engineering student in the Tehran College of Science and Technology (Elmosan'at) and an MKO sympathizer. She was active in the student sections of the organization and after the June 20, 1981 demonstrations, she was in charge of carrying out sensitive missions.

The demonstration of June 20, 1981, was a protest against the parliament's impeachment of President Banisadr and the Islamic Republic's systematic policy of excluding the MKO from the country's political scene, the Ayatollah Khomeini’s refusal to meet with MKO leaders and his insistence to disarm them. Until that day, the MKO had supported the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini and agreed to function within the framework of the new political system. On June 20, 1981, the MKO officially changed its policy and tried to overthrow the regime by organizing mass demonstrations throughout the country. These demonstrations, which were severely suppressed and resulted in the killing of dozens of demonstrators, were followed by a wave of mass arrests and executions by the Revolutionary Guards and paramilitary forces that targeted not only the MKO, but all other opposition groups. The massive repression, unprecedented in the history of the Islamic Republic, legitimized the policy the months-old state harassment and suppression of dissidents and resulted in the banning of all forms of independent political dissent.

Arrest and detention

There is no specific information on the defendant’s detention. According to the MKO website, on April 2, 1982, the Revolutionary Guards attacked the residence of Ms. Qajar Azdanlu and her husband, Mas’ud Izadkhah. Her husband was killed and she was shot in the jaw and the arm. She was unconscious when the Revolutionary Guards arrested her. During her six months detention in the Evin prison, she was tortured severely. This site quotes one of her cellmates saying: "Due to the torture, she miscarried her baby and was not able to walk. Since they did not treat her jaw; she had hard time talking and eating. They didn't give her any pain killers so she was very weak and in constant pain."


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


No information is available on Ms. Qajar Azdanlu’s charges.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Ms. Qajar Azdanlu's defense.


No specific information is available about this execution. According to the MKO website, Ms. Qajar Azdanlu was executed by a firing squad in the Evin prison on September 29, 1982.

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