Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Fatemeh (Farzaneh) Urmazdi


Age: 24
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam (Shi'a)
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: October 25, 1982
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

Ms. Fatemeh (Farzaneh) Urmazdi is one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were either executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 20, 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The information about Ms. Urmazdi, who was executed along with 70 other individuals, is taken from the website of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO). She was born in Tehran. She had a Bachelor degree in Agriculture Management from the Ghazali College in Qazvin and was a sympathizer of the MKO. She was active in the Moslem Students Association of the Dehkhoda University at Qazvin and also a member of the Moslem Youth Association. She participated in the MKO demonstrations and after June 20, 1981, like other militia members of this organization, she went underground.

Arrest and detention

According to the MKO website, Ms. Urmazdi was identified by the Revolutionary Guards in the streets in 1981. When she tried to escape, she was shot in leg. The Guards arrested her and took her to the hospital. On March 8, 1982, she was first transferred to Karaj clinic and then to the Evin prison. Because of her injured leg, she couldn't walk and was forced to use a wheelchair. She was reportedly tortured severely for nine months. It is also reported that she was raped before her execution.

The Ms. Urmazdi’s arrest was connected to the demonstration of June 20, 1981. This demonstration was in protest against the parliament's impeachment of President Banisadr and the Islamic Republic's systematic policy of excluding the Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) from politics, along with the Ayatollah Khomeini’s refusal of to meet with MKO leaders and his desire to neutralize the party’s influence. Up until that day, the MKO had supported the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini and agreed to function within the framework of the new political system. However, on June 20th, the MKO officially changed its policy and tried to overthrow the regime by organizing mass demonstrations throughout the country. These demonstrations were severely suppressed and resulted in the killing of dozens of demonstrators. It was followed by a wave of mass arrests and executions by the Revolutionary Guards and para-military forces that targeted the MKO and all other opposition groups. The massive repression, unprecedented in the history of the Islamic Republic, legitimized the months-old state harassment and suppression of dissidents and resulted in the banning of all forms of independent political dissent.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


No information is available on Ms. Urmazdi’s charges.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Ms. Urmazdi's defense.


No specific information is available about this execution. Ms. Urmazdi was executed by a firing squad in Evin prison on October 25, 1982.

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