Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hamid Ebrahimi

About

Age: 23
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Unknown
Civil Status: Married

Case

Date of Killing: October 5, 1981
Location: Hamedan, Hamedan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Actively opposing the Islamic Republic; Participating in an anti-regime demonstration; Apostasy

About this Case

The execution of Mr. Hamid Ebrahimi, son of Mahmud, was announced in the public relations communiqué of Iran’s Revolutionary Prosecutor’s office and published in the newspaper Jomhuri Eslami on October 8, 1981. This execution was also reported in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1985. The list includes 12028 individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Moreoverm Mr. Ebrahimi is one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed. According to the report, Mr. Hamid Ebrahimi was a college student.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

The charges against Mr. Ebrahimi included “participation in conspiracy and rebellion against the Islamic Republic of Iran,” “being an active member of the political organization, Peykar, that is an apostate organization waging war on God,” “organizing and participating in street demonstration and clashes,” and “approbation of the political ideology and stands of Peykar.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Ebrahimi’s defense.

Judgment

Mr. Ebrahimi was convicted and sentanced to death by the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Hamedan. He was executed by firing squad in Hamadan on October 5, 1981.

Correct/ Complete This Entry