Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Anvar Javanmardi

About

Age: 26
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam (Sunni)
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: June 20, 2001
Location of Killing: Darya Prison, Orumieh, Azarbaijan-e Gharbi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: War on God

About this Case

He was a funny person, had a sense of humor, and used to draw cartoons. A sensitivity to political issues ran in his family, but they had no religious leanings.

Abdorrahman Boroumand Center (ABC) was informed of Mr. Anvar Javanmardi’s execution by his sister on January 19, 2018. Additional information on Mr. Javanmardi’s case was obtained by ABC through an interview with his sister as well as independent research.

Mr. Anvar Javanmardi, 22, son of Hossein, was from Saqez. His father was an architect and his mother a homemaker. He was the second child of the family and had two sisters and two brothers. His family had an average standing with regard to finances, and were sensitive to political issues, but had no religious leanings. Mr. Javanmardi had a high school diploma and used to work in an electrical appliance shop with his friends. He was a funny person, had a sense of humor, and used to draw cartoons.

According to available information, Mr. Javanmardi was arrested for 40 days by the Ministry of Information office of Kurdistan when he was an adolescent due to his advocating for the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan. During his detention he was tortured and then released on bail, though he was repeatedly summoned to the branch afterwards. As a result, he was forced to flee to Iraqi Kurdistan, and then became a party member. Mr. Javanmardi returned to Iran in 1995 and along with some of his friends started to advertise for the party in the city of Sardasht by distributing party announcements.

Arrest and Detention

Mr. Javanmardi was arrested either by the agents of the Ministry of Intelligence or the Revolutionary Guards Intelligence Branch near the end of the fall or the beginning of the winter of 1995. According to available information, he was beaten during his arrest. His family were informed of his arrest by one of his friends, and despite almost three months of serious follow-up they were unable to get any news about their son. According to Mr. Javanmardi’s sister, the family would go to the Intelligence Branch of Sardasht to inquire about the whereabouts of their son, but the authorities would respond that there was no such person there. Nevertheless, the Intelligence Branch kept contacting, summoning, and interrogating Javanmardi’s father.

Mr. Javanmardi was kept in custody between five and six months in a small unnamed prison in Sardasht. The first meeting of Mr. Javanmardi with his family occurred after three months in that prison. His mother and sister saw him once behind bars for 10 minutes in Sardasht Prison, separated from him by a corridor in which an agent had been posted.

According to available information, the physical condition of Mr. Javanmardi was poor during that meeting, so much so that he could not stand on his feet. According to his sister, he was blindfolded during the meeting, and the agents only took off the blindfold at his mother’s plea. He had been harshly tortured, his head was bandaged, and his face and the area below his eyes were discolored and swollen. He could not speak with ease, and would have to grab the bars in order not to fall. He would limp when walking. He had a pair of Kurdish pants and a milky-white shirt on during the meeting. Despite his bad condition, Mr. Javanmardi would comfort his mother and ask her not to cry, telling her that he would soon be released.

After that meeting, Mr. Javanmardi was moved to a prison in the Mahabad Garrison Complex for two months. During that time, he met his mother, sister, and father once.

Mr. Javanmardi was then moved to Darya Prison in Urmia, and was kept there until the end of June 2001. While there, Mr. Javanmardi was rarely allowed to meet his family; only once a month and sometimes once in every two or three months. During the meetings, there was always an agent present, so the family could not speak at ease. Javanmardi was allowed to call his family every two weeks. He was for a while kept in the basement of the prison in Ward 12 Coupe 3, the political prisoners’ ward, and was hardly allowed to use the open space. Mr. Javanmardi was then moved to the criminal ward where the murderers and narcotics-related prisoners were kept. According to his sister, during that that period Javanmardi had a difficult time and suffered abuse. In one of their meetings he told his sister, “Here in this prison we are ten times more the prisoners of the inmates than the regime.” According to available information, the quality of the prison food was poor and he had to acquire everything he needed by paying money. The prison was infested with lice and HIV-positive inmates were kept together with other prisoners in un-hygienic conditions. During his detention Mr. Javanmardi was not allowed to use the open space, as a result of which his face lost color.

Trial

Mr. Javanmardi’s case was open in the jurisdiction of the Branch Two Revolutionary Court of Urmia. According to his sister, the family never received a verdict. Mr. Javanmardi had been assigned a defense lawyer, but there is no evidence of the lawyer’s presence during the trial proceedings.

Charges

Mr. Javanmardi was charged of Moharebeh (taking up arms against the holy state) due to his membership in the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan.

It is to be noted that where even the minimum of proper conditions for a fair trial are not met in Iran, and where the accused is refused a fair trial, ascertaining the nature of the crimes attributed to the accused is very difficult.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against Mr. Javanmardi.

Defense

According to available information, Mr. Javanmardi’s lawyer was not allowed either to access and study his case or to defend him during trial. According to his sister, Mr. Javanmardi’s family were not notified of the court session and the issued verdict, and the lawyer was forced to follow up on the case through the Intelligence branch, where officials told him, “He is anti-revolutionary, he is accused of moharebeh and his sentence is death.” According to available information, Mr. Javanmardi had only advertised for the party and had never taken up arms.

Judgement

Mr. Anvar Javanmardi was sentenced to death. Mr. Javanmardi was hanged in Orumieh Central Prison (Darya Prison) on May 31, 2001.

According to his sister, his family were not notified of his execution. The agents of the political-religious ward of Orumieh Prison later contacted his father and asked him to go to the prison. There the authorities gave papers to Mr. Javanmardi’s father as well as to many other families and told him to go to the forensic medical office to receive the body of his son. The body of Mr. Javanmardi was thus handed over to his family and finally buried at Saqqez Cemetery.

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