Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Mahmud Hassani


Age: 24
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: August 30, 1984
Location of Killing: Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Unknown charge
Age at time of alleged offense: 23

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Mahmud Hassani, son of Mostafa, was sent via an electronic form and an email by a person close to him. According to this information, he was born in Abadan in 1960. His father was a worker in the Abadan Refinery. Mr. Hassani was married and became a father to a baby daughter three months before his execution. He was an artist and a professional. He began his political activism from 1976 when he was a teenager. He was active during the revolution and after the fall of the Shah, he joined the Fadaiyan Khalq Organization. He was active during the struggle of unemployed workers in Abadan and during the Iran/Iraq war. Then he went to Shiraz and joined the Fadaiyan Khalq Minority Organization.

According to the information sent by the electronic form, Mr. Hassani wished a better life for the deprived and working class and fought for this goal. He was a freedom fighter and a socialist. He was honest, devoted, and chivalric.

The Fadaiyan Khalq Organization, a Marxist Leninist group inspired by the Cuban Revolution and the urban guerilla movements of Latin America, was founded in 1971 by two communist groups opposed to the Pahlavi regime. In 1981, the organization, which had opted for open political and electoral activity after the revolution, split over the critique of the concept of urban guerilla warfare and the support of the Islamic Republic and of the Soviet Union. The Fadaiyan Khalq Minority opposed the Islamic Republic, and though it did not abandon the theory of armed struggle, its activities were mainly limited to the political arena and the labor movement. Following the Mojahedin Khalq Organization’s June 21st declaration of armed struggle, the Fadaiyan announced the organization of combatant cells. However, based on available information, these cells did not become operational. Many of the groups’ members and supporters were arrested and executed in the early 1980’s.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Hassani was arrested at his residence in Shiraz on October 21, 1983. According to the report, without a warrant or offering any reason, the Revolutionary Guards invaded his house the night before and stayed until Mr. Hassani entered his home before they arrested him. He was detained at the Revolutionary Guards’ prison. He was denied access to an attorney or any visitation with his family. According to his friend, he was tortured severely in order to reveal his comrades; but, he resisted. His family visited him briefly a few months later and were shock to see him so thin.


According to the report, a court in Shiraz tried Mr. Hassani in a few minutes’ session. No information is available on his trial.


According to the information sent by the electronic form, the charge against Mr. Hassani was “being a Marxist opposed to the Islamic Regime.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against Mr. Hassani.


According to the electronic form’s sender, quoting Mr. Hassani’s wife, when the judge asked him if he still believed in Marxism and received his positive response, he ruled against Mr. Hassani. No further information is available on Mr. Hassani’s defense.


According to the information sent by the electronic form, Mr. Mahmud Hassani was hanged in Shiraz on August 30, 1984. His body was given to his family. There is no more information about this execution.

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