Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ardeshir Kargar


Age: 26
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: June 23, 1983
Location of Killing: Hamedan, Hamedan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

The information about Mr. Ardeshir Kargar was obtained through an interview with his brother. Mr. Kargar, son of Yahya, was born in 1957 in Hamedan, where he went to school and earned his high school diploma. At the time of the revolution in 1979, he was serving in the compulsory draft. He escaped the military service because he did not want to be forced to kill anybody. He started to work as an electronics repairman. In early 1979, Mr. Kargar sold tapes of revolutionary songs in front of Tehran University. After some time, he returned to Hamedan where he continued his political activities.

According to his brother, Mr. Kargar was cheerful, optimistic, and he positively influenced people around him. His cellmates witnessed that he was in high spirits even as he was being taken for execution. Mr. Kargar had good relations with everyone, especially youth. He was well known and respected among political activists. He was a member of the Fadayian Khalq Guerilla Organization. Following the 1979 Revolution, most members of this organization renounced armed struggle. Those who still believed in armed action split from Fadaiyan and founded the Ashraf Dehqani faction. Soon, more radical members of this faction split from this group and founded the Freedom Fighters of the New Movement (Artesh-e Raha’i Bakhsh-e Jonbesh-e Novin-e Khalq). Mr. Kargar cooperated with the latter group.

The Fadayian Khalq Guerilla Organization, a Marxist Leninist group inspired by the Cuban Revolution and the urban guerilla movements of Latin America, was founded in 1971 by two communist groups opposed to the Pahlavi regime. Following the 1979 Revolution, the organization, which renounced armed struggle, split over their support of the Islamic Republic and of the Soviet Union. A number of the organization’s members, who did not renounce armed struggle, founded the group The Fadayian Khalq Guerillas (Ashraf Dehqani Branch).

Arrest and detention

Mr. Kargar was arrested in Hamedan in the late spring of 1983. The reason for his arrest is not known. Based on the information his family gathered after his execution, two leftist political activists were arrested in relation with the assassination of a Revolutionary Guardsman. Under pressure, these persons informed the prison interrogators of Mr. Kargar’s whereabouts.

Initially the interrogators were not aware of Mr. Kargar’s political activities and they reportedly intended to release him. However, soon they found out more about his activities through other detainees, and Mr. Kargar was subjected to more severe interrogations.


There is no information regarding the trial other than that Mr. Kargar was tried at the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Hamedan.


The charges brought against the defendant are not known.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the accused.


No information is available concerning Mr. Kargar’s defense.


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Hamedan sentenced Mr. Kargar to death. He was executed by firing squad on June 23, 1983. He was 26 years old.

Generally the mode of execution in Hamedan was hanging. However, Mr. Ardeshir Kargar and a sympathizer of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization, named Mohammad Reza Heidari,were shot by firing squad. They both were taken from Section 2 of Hamedan Prison for execution. Their cellmates later told the victims’ families that the night of the execution a prison guard furtively told them that they were going to be executed. Mr. Kargar showered and put on a clean white shirt. As a last meal, Mr. Heidari shared a watermelon with his cellmates.

Mr. Kargar is buried at the Bagh-e Behesht cemetery in Hamedan.

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