Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hossein Sudmand


Age: 39
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Christianity
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: December 3, 1990
Location of Killing: Mashhad, Khorasan\Khorasan-e Razavi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Unspecified offense

About this Case

The information about Mr. Hossein Sudmand has been drawn from the Kalameh magazine (No. 49, March 1, 2005), the website of the Campaign to Support and Free Ramtin Sudmand (son of Mr. Hossein Sudmand), and the interview of Radio Farda with his daughter. Mr. Hossein Sudmand was born in Mashad in a religious Muslim family. He served his compulsory military service in Ahvaz and converted to Christianity. He then migrated to Esfahan and started working in a hospital. After the Islamic Revolution of 1979, he was expelled from the hospital and returned to Mashad. According to available information, Reverend Sudmand used his house in Mashad as a church. After some time he had to close this church due to the pressures of the Iranian government. He was imprisoned for one month. He and his family were threatened to stop proselytizing and denounce their faith in Christianity. The Church advised the Sudmand family to leave Iran for Greece but Reverend Sudmand said that he will remain in Iran to serve God, even if such a service comes at a price. He was married and had four children (Kalameh).

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of Mr. Sudmand arrest and detention are not known. He was arrested in the fall of 1990 and detained for a few weeks. After his release from prison, he was summoned for a second time and he surrendered himself to judicial authorities; his family was unaware of his whereabouts.


There is no information regarding this trial.


The Kalameh magazine reports the charge brought against Mr. Sudmand to be “not denouncing his faith in Christianity.” Although the articles on the Campaign to Support and Free Ramtin Sudmand refer to “apostasy” as the charge, his daughter told Radio Farda that the official charge was never announced to the family.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the accused.


No information is available concerning Mr. Sudmand’s defense.


No specific information is available about the verdict leading to this execution. According to Kalameh, on December 3, 1990, state authorities informed Mr. Hossein Sudmand’s family that he “had been hanged for remaining steadfast in Christianity and buried in a suburb of Mashad.”

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