Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hekmat Khoshheikal

About

Age: 28
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: March 19, 1990
Location: Kermanshah, Kermanshah Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

Information about Mr. Hekmat Khoshheikal has been drawn from an interview with an individual familiar with this case. He was affiliated with the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDKI). Having graduated from high school, he started his compulsory military service.

The Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (PDKI) was founded in 1945 with the objective to gain autonomy for Kurdistan, in north-west of Iran. After the Revolution, conflicts between the new central Shiite government and the mainly Sunni Kurdistan, regarding the role of minorities in the drafting of the constitution, specification of Shiite as the official state religion, and particularly the autonomy of the region, ended in armed clashes between the Revolutionary Guards and the peshmerga (the militia of the PDKI). The PDKI boycotted the referendum of April 1, when people went to polls to vote for or against the Islamic regime. On August 19, 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini called the PDKI the “party of Satan” and declared it “unofficial and illegal.” Mass executions and fighting broke out and continued for several months in the region. By 1983, PDKI had lost much of its influence in the region. Various leaders of the PDKI have been assassinated.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Khoshheikal was arrested on August 19, 1989 at the Paveh Garrison (Kermanshah province) where he was serving his military service. He was detained at the Intelligence Unit of the Revolutionary Guards Corps in Kermanshah. His family visited the Revolutionary Guards base to receive some information about him. One day, as they were talking to a guard, they saw Mr. Khoshheikal still in uniform and with handcuffs and tied feet. He said that he was being taken to the court. A guard warned them against speaking Kurdish and said they should only speak in Farsi. This was his only visit with his family during the 7 months of detention. After this visit, the family’s attempts for another visit remained ineffective.

Trial

There is no information regarding this trial.

Charges

The charges brought against the defendant are not known.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the accused.

Defense

No information is available concerning Khoshheikal’s defense. He was denied the right to an attorney or access to his file.

Judgment

On March 19, 1990 the authorities informed Mr. Hekmat Khoshheikal’s family that he had been executed in Kermanshah. With lots of persistence, his family was eventually allowed to bring the body from Kermanshah to Paveh. They found out that the body had not been buried and merely thrown into a ditch. His family was warned against talking about this incident to anyone. They were later exiled from Paveh to Kermanshah.

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