Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Gholam Reza Khoshru Kuran Kordieh


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: August 14, 1997
Location of Killing: Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Murder; Robbery

About this Case

News of the trial and execution of Mr. Gholam Reza Khoshru Kuran Kordieh, born in Kharuj of Quchan, was published on the website of the Hamshahri newspaper on July 12, 22, 27, 31, and August 9, 14, 1997. Also, it was published on the website of the Iran newspaper on March 17, 2007. According to the Hamshahri newspaper, the defendant was arrested for robbery in Nishabur in 1982. Later on, he went to prison due to his own (false) claim of being a Soviet spy. Again, on April 12, 1993, he was arrested for rape and armed robbery under the false name of "Morad Naderi," but he escaped during his transfer from prison to court.

Arrest and Detention

The circumstance of this defendant’s arrest is not known. According to the media reports, in July of 1997, the Basiji agents suspected him in a park. They found a car key in his pocket and noticed a car parked nearby. They arrested him and took him to the Baghefeiz police station.


The trial of this defendant took place in Branch 35 of Tehran Public Court. In the first session, Gholam Reza Khoshru introduced himself and said that he was 28 years old, residing in a village near Quchan. According to the Hamshahri newspaper, the second session was held to investigate violations of public chastity and, in order to protect the victims' families, was announced closed to the public.


The charges against the defendant were announced as "car robbery, kidnapping, committing nine counts of murder, attempting to kill his infant nephew, and escaping the police in 1993." According to the Hamshahri newspaper, the defendant used a stolen car as a taxi and took his victims, mostly women, out of town in order to murder them. Before the trial, the judge told the reporters that "from March of 1996 to July of 1997, the defendant committed nine counts of murder with no similarities at all."

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for alleged drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of Guilt

The media reported the evidences provided against the defendant as follows: According to the judge, "on June 25, 1997, several bodies were found around Tehran especially in the western area. It became evident that the defendant committed those murders and later on it was evident that he committed several robberies in Khorasan province from 1993 until 1995, and spent some time in Vakilabad and Quchan prisons." Also, evidence against the defendant was his own "confessions" during the interrogation. According to the Hamshahri newspaper, after the defendant denied his confessions and introduced the perpetrator as Hamid Rasuli, the court gathered all people with such names face to face before the defendant between two open sessions. None of them was his collaborator. In the second session, the judge stated that in spite of the defendant's denial, there was much evidence against him, such as finding the stolen goods in his brother and sister's house, that proved his guilt. Also, a witness testified in the court that he identified the defendant passing by when he dumped the bodies of a mother and daughter near trash and fled.


In the second trial session, the attorney for the defendant said: "The duty of an attorney is to prevent the truth from being hidden, and avoid injustice against the defendant. But, in this case, injustice and oppression of this murderer was imposed on the victims and their families and people's hearts are broken. I'm not his attorney. I'm the prosecutor. How can I deny the charges when the defendant clearly confessed to his sins in front of the officials and the media?" According to the Hamshahri newspaper, in the court sessions, the defendant denied any wrong doing in spite of his confessions during the interrogations. He blamed Hamid Rasuli for the crimes and claimed that he was only the driver. He only confessed to one count of car jacking and assisting Hamid Rasuli in sharing the victims' belongings. In the second session, in response to the judge's question about putting his nephew in a drawer in order to kill him, he answered calmly: "Because the child was crying and I wanted to calm him." According to the media report, the defendant's responses to the questions were conflicting but the judge of Branch 35 of Tehran Public Court said that the coroner examined him and considered him healthy.


The court condemned Mr. Gholam Reza Khoshru to 214 lashes and death. His case was sent by a special messenger to the Supreme Court for confirmation. On August 14, 1997, he received the lashes by men of the victims' families and was hanged in Azadi Stadium. It took him ten minutes to die. The Hamshahri newspaper quotes an official recalling what the defendant said in his last moments: "If I sinned, I ask God's forgiveness."

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