Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hossein Maleki

About

Age: 29
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: January, 1983
Location: Lahijan, Gilan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Death in custody

About this Case

Mr. Hossein Maleki is one of 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The information about Mr. Hossein Maleki was taken from the website of the MKO. He was born in Astaneh Ashrafieh (Gilan province). He was a high school teacher with a bachelor’s degree in Biology from Tehran University. After the Revolution, he joined the MKO in Lahijan and was transferred to Astaneh. According to the above source, when he was teaching in Astaneh, he was exiled to Rezvanshahr for his beliefs. After June 20, 1981, he went underground.

The demonstration of June 20, 1981, took place in protest against the parliament’s impeachment of President Banisadr and the Islamic Republic’s systematic policy of excluding the MKO from the country’s political scene, the refusal of Ayatollah Khomeini to meet with MKO leaders and his insistence to disarm them. Until that day, the MKO had supported the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini and agreed to operate within the framework of the new political system. However, on June 20, 1981, the MKO officially changed its policy and tried to overthrow the regime by organizing mass demonstrations all over the country. These demonstrations, which were severely suppressed and resulted in the killing of dozens of demonstrators, were followed by a wave of mass arrests and executions by both the Revolutionary Guards and para-military forces. These groups targeted all opposition groups. The massive repression, unprecedented in the history of the Islamic Republic, legitimized the months-old state policy of harassment and suppression of dissidents and resulted in the banning of all forms of independent political dissent.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known. Mr. Maleki was arrested in the spring of 1982. He was detained at the Revolutionary Guards prison in Astaneh Ashrafieh and Lahijan. According to the MKO website, he was severely tortured and kept in solitary confinement during the eight months of his detention.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

No information is available on Mr. Hossein Maleki’s charges. According to the above source, before his arrest, a Revolutionary Guard commander was killed by an MKO Unit. Guards found a Kalashnikov gun where Mr. Hossein Maleki was arrested, and he accepted the responsibility for the weapon.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available about his defense.

Judgment

No specific information is available about the defendant’s execution. According to the above source, government agents delivered the body of Mr. Hossein Maleki to the morgue in Lahijan on January 29, 1983. His family took possession of his corpse and, during the funeral, they showed his tortured body to the attendees. According to the same source, he had died under torture.

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