Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Reza Mohammadzadeh Gazorgah


Age: 25
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: May 29, 1983
Location of Killing: Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Death in custody
Charges: Espionage; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

The information about Mr. Reza Mohammadzadeh Gazorgah is taken from the book The Martyrs of the Tudeh Party of Iran by the Tudeh Party Publications. He was born in Tehran in 1958. He started his political activism before the Revolution and helped organize demonstration. Consequently, he was imprisoned for some time. After the Revolution he went to study in France and Italy. As a biology major university student, he was a prominent activist of the Tudeh Party in Rome. After the Revolution, he returned to Iran. In 1980, following the party guidance, he entered the Basij and went to the frontline of the war. Later, he returned to Tehran and worked as a Revolutionary Guard. Soon afterwards he was called to be a guard of Khomeini’s residence in Jamaran (an area of Shemiran, a suburb of Tehran). His two brothers, Javad and Hassan, were executed during the mass killings of the political prisoners in 1988. They were also members of the Tudeh Party.

The Tudeh Party of Iran was created in 1941. The Tudeh Party ideology was Marxist- Leninist and it supported policies of the former Soviet Union. The Party played a major role in Iran’s political scene until it was banned for the second time following the August 19, 1953 coup. After the 1979 Revolution, the Party declared Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic Republic regime revolutionaries and anti-imperialists and actively supported the new government. Although the Party never opposed the Islamic Republic, it became the target of government attacks in 1982 when most of the Party’s leaders and members were imprisoned.

Arrest and detention

The details of his arrest and detention are not known. Mr. Reza Mohammadzadeh Gazorgah was arrested in his brother’s home in May, 1983. From the time of his arrest, he was kept incommunicado and under severe torture.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


According to the above book, Mr. Reza Mohammadzadeh Gazorgah was charged with “membership of the Tudeh Party” and “espionage”.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available about his defense.


The exact cause of death is unknown. According to the book The Martyrs of the Tudeh Party of Iran, Mr. Reza Mohammadzadeh Gazorgah died under torture on May 29, 1983. The same book reports that his brother Javad heard in prison that Reza had been hanged. His family, upon receiving the body, said they observed evidence of rope burns around his neck and a hole in his foot.

No information is available about any possible ruling against him.

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