Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Majid Pur-Ramezan


Age: 32
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: August 3, 1988
Location of Killing: Gohardasht Prison, Karaj, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

Information regarding the execution of Mr. Majid Pur-Ramezan is taken from Bidaran Website, Hambastegi Melli Website, and the prison memoires of Mr. Hossein Farsi and Mr. Iraj Mesdaghi (Book 3).

Mr. Pur-Ramezan’s name is also published in Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO)’s book entitled Crime Against Humanity. This book documents the 1988-89 mass execution of political prisoners.

Mr. Pur-Ramezan was from Shiraz and was arrested and convicted due to his membership to a political group named “Arman-e Mostaz’afan”. In prison, he got close to MKO’s prisoners and became a supporter of their organization. (Prison memoires of Mr. Farsi and Mr. Mesdaghi)

Arman-e Mostaza’fin Organization was founded in the summer of 1976 before the Islamic Revolution. This organization, just like the MKO, were followers of Mohammad Ali Shariati’s ideology, and started their ideological activities after the revolution by publishing a magazine called “Arman or Payam-e Mostaz’afin”. There are a few members in this group and they were mainly active in Dezful (in Khuzestan Province). They were against armed struggle and their ideological activities lasted until February 1982 when their leaders and members were arrested. Although the leaders were not executed, some of the members were executed in different cities.

Arrest and detention

No detailed information is available on Mr. Pur-Ramezan’s. He was first detained in Qezelhesar Prison. According to one of the MKO prisoners, Mr. Pur-Ramezan was in locked cells in 1983 and 1984 and in cell number 13 of ward 3 of Gohardasht Prison for a while. They would call him “Kal Haji” in the prison. (Prison memoire of Mr. Farsi)


No information is available on Mr. Pur-Ramezan’s trial. According to the testimonies of some of the political prisoners who were tried during the executions of the summer of 1988 in Gpohardasht and Evin prisons, the trials took place in a room on the ground floor of the prison after a few weeks of isolation during which prisoners were deprived of visitation, television and radio broadcasts, and outdoors time. In August and September, a three-member delegation composed of Hojatoleslam Eshraqi, the prosecutor, Hojatoleslam Nayyeri, the religious judge, and Hojatoleslam Pourmohamadi, the representative of the Ministry of Information asked prisoners questions about their views on Mojahedin, whether they would renounce their beliefs and if they were ready to cooperate against the Mojahedin.

Based on what the answers were, the prisoners would have been charged with “counter revolutionary, anti-religion and anti-Islam” or “associated with military action or with various [opposition] groups based near the borders” and would be sentenced to death.   The authorities never informed prisoners about the delegation’s purpose and the serious implications of their responses. According to survivors, during the summer of 1988 a large number of prisoners sympathizing with the Mojahedin or Leftist groups were executed for not recanting their beliefs. 

Relatives of political prisoners executed in 1988 refute the legality of the judicial process that resulted in thousands of executions throughout Iran. In their 1988 open letter to then-Minister of Justice Dr. Habibi, they argue that the official secrecy surrounding these executions is proof of their illegality. They note that an overwhelming majority of these prisoners had been tried and sentenced to prison terms, which they were either serving or had already completed when they were retried and sentenced to death.


Mr. Pur-Ramezan was charged with “Supporting the Arman-e Mostaz’afan Organization” and he was sentenced to imprisonment for the same reason. However, when in 1988 prisoners were questioned about their beliefs and their political party’s affiliation, he had introduced himself as an MKO supporter. (Prison Memoires of Mr. Farsi, and Mr. Mesdaghi)

In their letters to the Minister of Justice (1988) and to the UN Special Rapporteur visiting Iran (February 2003), the families of the victims refer to the authorities’ accusations against the prisoners – accusations that may have led to their execution. These accusations include being “counter-revolutionary, anti-religion, and anti-Islam,” as well as being “associated with military action or with various [opposition] groups based near the borders.”

An edict of the Leader of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Khomeini, reproduced in the memoirs of Ayatollah Montazeri, his designated successor, corroborates the reported claims regarding the charges against the executed prisoners. In this edict, Ayatollah Khomeini refers to members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization as “hypocrites” who do not believe in Islam and “wage war against God” and decrees that prisoners who still approve of the positions taken by this organization are also “waging war against God” and should be sentenced to death.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available regarding the evidence presented against Mr. Pur-Ramezan.


According to one of the former political prisoners, Mr. Pur-Ramezan was questioned about his political group affiliation and was asked whether he was a supporter of Arman-e Mostaz’afan group and he replied: “I used to be a supporter of Arman but I am currently a supporter of MKO”. (Prison Memoires of Mr. Farsi, and Mr. Mesdaghi)

In their open letter, the families of the prisoners noted that defendants were not given the opportunity to defend themselves in court. The same letter, rebutting the accusation that these prisoners (from inside the prison) had collaborated with armed members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization in clashes with armed forces of the Islamic Republic, states that such claims “are false, considering the circumstances in prisons; for our children faced most difficult conditions [in prison, with] visitation rights of once every 15 days, each visitation lasting ten minutes through a telephone, from behind the glass window, and were deprived of any connection with the outside world. We faced such conditions for seven years, which proves the truth of our claim.”


Mr. Majid Pur-Ramezan’s death sentence was issued on August 03, 1988 and he was executed in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj on the same day.

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