Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Nesar Mohammad Kamrani


Nationality: Afghanistan
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: February 20, 2011
Location of Killing: Dastgerd Prison, Dastgerd, Esfahan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Drug trafficking

About this Case

Mr. Nesar Mohammad Kamrani was an upstanding person who everyone liked

News and information regarding the execution of Mr. Nesar Mohammad Kamrani, son of Said Mohammad, have been obtained from an interview with a person close to Mr. Kamrani (May 14, 2018) as well as documentation provided by this person to the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center. News of Mr. Kamrani's execution alongside Mr. Ramezan Jamshidi, was also published on Fars News Agency, and the website of the Ministry of Justice office of Esfahan quoting the public relations office (February 20th, 2011). 

Born near Herat in Afghanistan’s Ghourian district, Kamrani immigrated to Iran for work in the early 1990s. After residing and working in Tehran for some time with his spouse, he moved to Khomeyni Shahr, Esfahan Province. A father of four, he earned his living through buying and selling plastic and stale bread.

A person close to Mr. Kamrani described him as an upstanding person who everyone liked. Even the officials of the prison where he was held recall him as a decent, innocent man of integrity (ABC Interview).

Arrest and detention

Mr. Kamrani was arrested in 2007/2008 in the city of Esfahan. Following his arrest, plainclothes officers conducted a search of his home and personal belongings (ABC Interview).

Mr. Kamrani was severely beaten during his first day of custody; during a visit with him the following day, family members noted that he had extensive head and body wounds and bloodied clothes. He was held for approximately three years in Esfahan Central Prison (ABC Interview).

Lacking the financial means to appoint a lawyer, he was thus deprived of the right to legal representation (ABC Interview).


Kamrani was tried in an Esfahan court. No information is available on his trial.


Mr. Kamrani was charged with possession of narcotics.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for alleged drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Thousands of alleged drug traffickers have been sentenced to death following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. Scores of them were executed based on a 1989 law imposing mandatory death sentences on drug traffickers found in possession of specified amounts of proscribed narcotics (5 kg of hashish or opium, and more than 30 grams of heroin, codeine or methadone). The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

Evidence brought against Mr. Kamrani included “the possession of 1.968 kilos of compressed heroin” (Esfahan Ministry of Justice office and Fars News Agency online) as well as “Mr. Kamrani’s co-defendant’s testimony against him” (ABC Interview).


No drugs were uncovered during the search of Mr. Kamrani’s home that immediately followed his arrest. He consistently denied the drug possession charges, and believed his co-defendant planted drugs among his belongings in retaliation over a past dispute (ABC Interview).

Over the course of subsequent investigations into Mr. Kamrani’s background, officials questioned residents of his neighborhood. Interviewed neighbors attested that Mr. Kamrani was “a simple working man who’s never caused us any trouble” (ABC Interview).

Mr. Kamrani’s two requests for pardon were denied by judicial authorities. No information is available on Mr. Kamrani’s defense.

A Summary of the Legal Defects in the Adjudication of Mr. Nessar Mohammad Kamrani’s Case

According to a person close to Mr. Kamrani, he did not have access to an attorney because he could not afford to hire one. This was entirely against the law because the presence of an attorney is mandatory in crimes that carry the death penalty. Note 1 to Article 186 of the Law on the Rules of Criminal Procedure for General and Revolutionary Courts provides: “If in crimes for which the law has mandated the punishments of Qesas of life, execution, stoning, and life imprisonment, the defendant does not personally introduce an attorney, it is mandatory that a court-appointed attorney be designated for him.” Not taking this provision into account undoubtedly rendered the trial and, consequently the court’s decision, null and void. The court’s disregard [of said provision] was in complete contravention of the law and rendered the ruling, regardless of its substance, completely defective and without legal validity.

According to person close to Mr. Kamrani, he was tortured during interrogations in contravention of Principle 38 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran which provides: “All forms of torture for the purpose of extracting confession or acquiring information are forbidden. Compulsion of individuals to testify, confess, or take an oath is not permissible; and any testimony, confession, or oath obtained under duress is devoid of value and credence. Violators of this article shall be punished in accordance with the law.” Similar to the Constitution, the Law on Respecting Legitimate Freedoms and Protecting Citizens Rights of 2004, Paragraph 9, provides: “All forms of torture of the accused to obtain a confession or to force him/her to do any other act is prohibited. Any confessions thus obtained have no legal merit or legitimacy.”


An Esfahan court issued Mr. Nesar Mohammad Kamrani the death penalty, a ruling that was later upheld in Supreme Court. Mr. Kamrani was hanged alongside another unnamed individual on the 20th of February, 2011 in Central Esfahan Prison.

Initially, Mr. Kamrani was sentenced to life in prison while his co-defendant alone faced execution. The co-defendant later requested that their sentences be reviewed, at which point Mr. Kamrani’s life sentence was transmuted to a death sentence.

Denied the right to transport his remains back to Afghanistan, Mr. Kamrani’s family had no choice but to inter him in the Baq-e Ferdos Cemetery in Khomeini Shahr, Esfahan Province.

On February 18, 2011, with a cleric as witness, he entrusted his will and estate to his spouse. His death certificate lists February 20th, 2011 as the date of death, but does not list the cause.

Correct/ Complete This Entry