Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Dehqan Salamat


Age: 45
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam (Sunni)
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: October 10, 2011
Location of Killing: Orumieh Prison, Orumieh, Azarbaijan-e Gharbi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Drug trafficking

About this Case

Abdorrahman Boroumand Center was informed of the execution of Mr. Dehqan Salamat, son of Tofiq, by one of his acquaintances who completed the Center’s special electronic form (April 24, 2018). In addition, news of the execution of Mr. Dehghan Salamat, along with five other individuals, was announced by the website of Kurdpa (September 11, 2011). Additional information on this case was obtained from the website of Human Rights Activists for Democracy in Iran (September 11, 2011), and the news outlet of the Society for Defending Azari Political Prisoners in Iran – ADAP (September 13, 2011).

Mr. Salamat, born in 1966, was from the village of Suma-ye Baradoust in West Azarbaijan. He was married and had five children, but also provided for the wife and children of his deceased brother (electronic form, April 24, 2018).

Mr. Salamat, who had finished secondary school, was a van driver and a truck driver’s assistant (electronic form, April 24, 2018).

Mr. Salamat used to have connections with the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan and the Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan*, but his case pertains to purchase and sale of illegal drugs (electronic form, April 24, 2018).

Arrest and detention

Mr. Salamat was arrested in the city of Orumieh and spent some time in Orumieh Central Prison (Darya) (Kurdpa, September 11, 2011; electronic form, April 24, 2018). However, there is no information available on the details of his arrest and detention. 


There is no information available on the details of the session or sessions of Mr. Salamat’s trial. 


Mr. Salamat was charged with “purchase and sale of illegal drugs” (Kurdpa, September 11, 2011).

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted and executed based on trumped-up charges is unknown. 

Evidence of guilt

There is no information available on details of the evidence of guilt entered against Mr. Salamat. 


Mr. Salamat was the sixth defendant of the case, and he had repeatedly denied any knowledge of the existence of illegal drugs. His fellow defendants had also testified that he had had no knowledge of the existence of the discovered illegal drugs (electronic form, April 24, 2018). However, there is no further information available on the details of Mr. Salamat’s defense.


Mr. Dehghan Salamat was hanged, along with five other individuals, in Orumieh Central Prison (Darya) in the afternoon of September 10, 2011 (Kurdpa, September 11, 2011).

The body of Mr. Salamat was buried in the border-area village of Sarv (electronic form, April 24, 2018). 


*During the 1960s, a few of the remaining members of the Democratic Party of Kurdistan in Iraq founded the revolutionary Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan. Esma’il Sharifzadeh, Abdollah Mo’eini, and Molla Auwrah were among the leaders of this party that, inspired by the Cuban Revolution, started their guerrilla campaisn in Kurdistan. After the defeat of this movement in 1969 and arrest of many of its members, guerrilla tactics were denounced and Maoist methods started to dominate the party. In 1979, after the release of some of the imprisoned Kurdish leaders, the Revolutionary Organization of the Laborers of Kurdistan, or the Komala, was established. Komala, given its Marxist approach to politics, was against the local landholders and capitalists, and would provoke the workers and farmers of Kurdistan to conduct guerrilla warfare against them as well as the central government. Komala regarded the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan as the representative of the opulent class of the Kurds. As such, it started an extensive campaign against the Democrats, which would repeatedly lead to armed struggle between the followers of the two parties that left hundreds of casualties. In 1982, the Komala coalesced with a Marxist group named Sahand – whose activities proved to be more in the area of theory – to establish the Communist Party of Iran. Since then, the organization changed its name to the “Kurdistan Organization of the Communist Party of Iran – Komala.” However, in the coming years, Komala would withdraw from the Communist Party of Iran and then splinter into different cells, which include the Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan, led by Abdollah Mohtadi, and Komala – the Kurdistan Organization of the Communist Party of Iran, led by Ibrahim Alizadeh.

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