Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hossein Qaderi

About

Age: 30
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: January 15, 2018
Location of Killing: Central Prison, Sanandaj, Kordestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Death in custody
Charges: Unknown charge
Age at time of offense: 30

About this Case

Authorities announced the cause of his death in the central prison of Sanandaj as "addiction to drug", but the prison's clinic did not confirm it. 

Information regarding Mr. Hossein Qaderi’s death was obtained from Kordpa website (January 17, 2018), and No To Prison, No To Execution weblog (January 17, 2018). Additional information about this case was obtained from Iran Human Rights Monitor (February 4, 2018) and Gunaz TV (January 21, 2018).

Mr. Qaderi was an ethnic Kurd, 30 years old, and resided in the city of Sanandaj.

The information contained in this case is related to Mr. Qaderi’s death at Sanandaj Prison.

Nationwide Protests

Popular public protests began on Thursday, December 28, 2018. On the first day, thousands of people in Mashhad, Kashmar, Birjand, and Neishabur in Khorassan Razavi Province participated in the “No To Rising Prices” demonstrations. In videos of these demonstrations disseminated online in social networks and in the media, the protestors also chanted slogans against several of the country’s leaders. On the second day, protests spread to other cities in Iran including Esfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, Rasht, Sari, Ghouchan, Sabzevar, and Khorramabad, and the protestors’ slogans turned against the institutions of the Islamic republic and the Leader of the Revolution himself. With the city of Qom joining other protesting cities, slogans were chanted in support of Reza Shah Phalavi. On the third day, simultaneous with government sponsored demonstrations celebrating Dey 9th(December 30) in Tehran’s Mosalla (“Prayer Place”), protests continued across Iran in Kermanshah, Dezful, Karaj’s Gohardasht Neighborhood, Rasht, Arak, Shiraz, Shar-e Kord, Khorramabad, Zanjan, Bandar Abbas, Semnan, and Hashtgerd, with skirmishes breaking out between protestors and government forces. On December 31, 2018, protests continued in Tehran, Mashhad, Kermanshah, Rasht, Arak, Tabriz, Maragheh, Behshahr, Chahbahar, Hashtgerd, Orumieh, Dorud, amd Malayer. Iranian Television reported the death of 10 people in the protests, and [the town of] Izeh’s representative announced 2 individuals had been killed in that town. Hamedan Governor’s office also reported the death of 3 people. In a cabinet meeting, Iranian President Hassan Rohani addressed the protests for the first time and while reiterating the people’s right to peaceful protests, stated that the government would not tolerate chaos and disorder. On the fifth day, January 1, 2018, the protests became more violent, with a police precinct in the town of Qahdarijan in Esfahan Province set ablaze, following which 6 people were killed.

Sanandaj was one of the cities involved in the public protests from the first days they began. Dozens of people were arrested during these protests, at least four of whom were killed in the city’s detention centers. (1)

Seven days after the protests began, the regime’s supporters started demonstrations in various cities at the government’s invitation, and condemned the popular protests. On that same day, even though smaller protests occurred in several cities, the protests generally began to subside. Social networking apps, Instagram and Telegram were filtered during the protests and the filtering of Telegram continued after they were over.

From the time nationwide protests began, until its one year anniversary in December 2018-January 2019, Iranian government officials reacted differently to the events, ranging from ascribing it to internal political competition between various groups, to announcing a “foreign enemy” as the culprit.

Protests against economic conditions continued and intensified through the end of 2018 with labor strikes in a number of factories, including Ahvaz Steel Factory and Neyshekar Haft Tappeh Factory (Haft Tappeh Sugar Cane Factory).

Mr. Qaderi’s Arrest and Death

There is no information regarding the time and manner of Mr. Qaderi’s arrest. According to available information, Mr. Qaderi was detained at Sanandaj Central Prison and died on January 15, 2018 there. (No to Prison, No to Execution weblog; Kordpa website, January 17, 2018).

Officials’ Reaction

According to statements issued by various officials, Mr. Qaderi was addicted to drugs and that was why he had died in prison. These statements have not been issued officially and the details are not clear. (No to Prison, No to Execution weblog; Kordpa website, January 17, 2018).

Family’s Reaction

News of Mr. Qaderi’s death was published by independent media, quoting unofficial sources. According to this information, Mr. Qaderi died under torture in Sanandaj Central Prison’s quarantine on January 15, 2018. (No to Prison, No to Execution weblog, January 17, 2018; Iran Human Rights Monitoring, February 4, 2018).

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(1)   A member of the Majless (Parliament), quoting the Head of Iran’s Prisons Organization, stated that 4,972 people had been arrested in the course of the nationwide protests. At least 15 of the arrestees died in detention under suspicious circumstances, but Iranian authorities did not take responsibility for their deaths. Iranian authorities announced that by the end of the sixth day of protests, 21 individuals had died in street skirmishes. Official state news also announced the death of two students in the protests.

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