Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

V. Ch.

About

Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: March 4, 2009
Location: Central Prison (Adelabad), Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Murder

About this Case

The news of the execution of Mr. V. Ch. along with three other individuals was announced by the website ofKhabar-e Jonoub daily (March 5, 2009). The case of Mr. V. Ch., a young man from Shiraz, pertains to a murder during a group fight.

Arrest and Detention

Mr. V. Ch. was arrested in his sister’s place by theagents of Police Station 25 in the Amirkabir Township of Shiraz at 1 AM on September 10, 2005. Three hours after the murder of a young man during a group fight in Amirkabir Township’s bazaar at 10 PM on September 9, 2005, the police force arrested Mr. V. Ch. as the suspect and moved him to the Judiciary Police Station of Shiraz for investigation and interrogation. During the initial phase of police investigation, Mr. V. Ch. stated that at the night of the incident, when he was about to exit Amirkabir Township, a few people, including the victim, had attacked and beat him. However, according to his own statements during the interrogation sessions, he had drunk alcohol a few hours before the incident took place and then had gone to the bazaar in Amirkabir Township of Shiraz. When he arrived there, he noticed that a few people, including the victim, were having a fight with knives, daggers, and nunchucks. When he wanted to inquire about the reason for the fight, Mr. V. Ch. was inadvertently drawn in and received a nunchuck hit to the arm, and then slipped and fell to the ground. Half lying on the ground, Mr. V. Ch. took up a knife and escaped while his clothes were soaked with blood and the victim was staggering backwards. The victim was wounded due to the stabbing, and died of his severe wounds soon after he had been moved to hospital. Mr. V. Ch. spent four years in prison.

Trial

Mr. V. Ch. was tried by Branch Five of the Public Court of Fars Province. The court proceedings were held in the presence of the representative of the public prosecutor, the first-degree blood relatives of the victim, and Mr. V. Ch.’s lawyers. Both the representative of the public prosecutor and the first-degree blood relatives of the victim asked the court for an execution verdict.

Charges

The court charged Mr. V. Ch. with murder. The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of Guilt

The court issued its verdict on the basis of Mr. V. Ch.’s confessions during the different stages of investigation and interrogation. However, no information is available on the details of the evidence that was brought against him. The corpse of the victim was among the pieces of evidence entered against Mr. V. Ch. International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.

Defense

During the court proceedings, Mr. V. Ch. defended himself by saying that he had not gone to the bazaar to get involved in a fight. He claimed that he only defended himself after the victim had hit him with nunchucks. He appealed for amnesty during the trial. In addition, his defense lawyers stated that because Mr. V. Ch. had only intended to defend himself during the fight, he could not be held responsible for the murder of the victim. According to the published report, during the initial phase of court investigation, one of the residents of Amirkabir Township had testified that immediately before the fight he had heard the victim along with a few others say that they were going to “teach [someone] a lesson.” However, the witness had also added that he did not know who actually started the fight.

Judgment

Branch Five of the Public Court of Fars Province, at the request of the first-degree blood relatives of the victim, sentenced Mr. V. Ch. to death. Branch 42 of the Supreme Court overturned the ruling of the initial court and referred Mr. V. Ch.’s case back to that court for reassessment. Branch Five tried him again and for a second time ruled for his execution. This time Branch 42 approved the verdict. Mr. V. Ch. was hanged in Adelabad Prison in Shiraz on the morning of March 4, 2009.

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