Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Reza Esma'ili (Mamedi)


Age: 34
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: October 26, 2013
Location of Killing: Salmas Central Prison, Salmas, Azarbaijan-e Gharbi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Sympathizing with anti-regime guerilla groups; War on God
Age at time of alleged offense: 30

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Reza Esma’ili (Mamedi), son of Tofiq, was published by various sources including HRANA (Human Rights Activists News Agency) on October 26, 2013, the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran on October 28, 2013, Kurdistan Media on October 27, 2013, Kurdpa (Kurdistan Press Agency) on October 28, 2013, and the Centre for Human Rights in Salmas on October 26 and 28, 2013.

Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi) was a 25-year-old Kurdish man from the Derik Village near Salmas in Azerbaijan-e Gharbi. He was married with a child and his family had died in a fire incident caused by a gas explosion. (HRANA, February 3, 2012)

Arrest and detention

Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi) was arrested by security forces in July of 2009 and transferred to the detention center of the Intelligence Office in Salmas. According to a person close to him, he was tortured physically and psychologically at the detention center of the Intelligence Office in Salmas for one month. Then he was transferred to the Salmas Central Prison, and detained for four years (International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran on October 28, 2013). The circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known.


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Khoy tried Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi) in closed session (HRANA). No information is available on his trial.


The charge brought against Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi) was announced as “Moharebeh [fighting against God] by membership in The Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK).”  

PJAK: Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistanê (The Free Life Party of Kurdistan) is a leftist organization established in January of 2004 with the goal of creating a democratic, ecologic, and gender equal society in a democratic and federal Iran with self-determination for ethnic minorities. Its first congress took place on April 25, 2004. This party, headed by Abdollrahman Hajiahmadi, has a close connection with the PKK in Turkey and considers the PKK leader, Abdollah Ojalan (Apu), as its inspirational leader. PJAK has influence mostly in the northern Kurdistan region of Iran and fights the Islamic Republic militarily. PJAK refers to Kurdistan of Iran as Eastern Kurdistan.  

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution did not provide any specific information on the evidence presented against Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi).


No information is available on Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi)’s defense.


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Khoy condemned Mr. Reza Esma’ili (Mamedi) to death in February of 2012. The Supreme Court confirmed the ruling. He was hanged, without informing his family, at Salmas Central Prison on October 26, 2013.  

Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi)’s body was not given to his family and the security forces buried him in an unknown location. However, his family found the burial location, exhumed the body, and transferred it to the Derik Village where he was born (International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran). Security forces did not allow the family to have an official mourning ceremony for Mr. Esma’ili (Mamedi).

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