Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Abolfazl Dehqan Ramishan

About

Age: 19
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: November 10, 2001
Location: Qom, Markazi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Sexual Offense; Acts incompatible with chastity; Prostitution and/or procuring
Age at time of offense: 19

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Abolfazl Dehqan Ramishan, son of Bayram’ali, along with another person, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on November 11, 2001, and in a statement by Amnesty International on November 12, 2001. Additional information was taken from the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper and Amnesty International on November 8, 2001, the Iran newspaper on September 16, 2001, and the Ettela’at newspaper on September 15, 2001. His case and the cases of 39 others were related to sexual and narcotics crimes.

After the judge of this case reported that two men would be executed and five others would be lashed in public, Amnesty International issued a statement supporting the defendants on November 8, 2001.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Dehqan Ramishan was arrested, along with 39 other members of a gang in the Markazi province, by Basij forces in Qom in August of 2001 (Iran and Ettela’at newspapers). According to the judge of this case, some of the defendants remained on the run (Jomhuri Eslami newspaper). The circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

The Special Branch Seven of the Public Court of Qom tried Mr. Dehqan Ramishan and the other defendants. This case was processed out of turn. No information is available on his trial. (Jomhuri Eslami newspaper)

Charges

According to the judge of the Special Branch Seven of the Public Court of Qom, the charges against Mr. Dehqan Ramishan and another person were “kidnapping, rape, establishment of a corruption center in a residence, adultery with an unmarried person, threatening with knife and dagger, carrying and possessing and drinking alcoholic beverages, carrying and possession of narcotics, and deceiving under-aged girls.” (Jomhuri Eslami newspaper)

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.  International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted and executed based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

The evidence presented against Mr. Dehqan Ramishan was “thirteen plaintiffs of this case.”

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Dehqan Ramishan’s defense.  

Judgment

The Special Branch Seven of the Public Court of Qom condemned Mr. Abolfazl Dehqan Ramishan to death, 10 years imprisonment, and 150 lashes. The Supreme Court confirmed the ruling. After receiving 150 lashes, he was hanged, along with another person, in public at Resalat Square in Qom on November 10, 2001. Twenty-one other defendants were also condemned to imprisonment, exile, and lashes and the rulings against seven of them were confirmed by the Supreme Court. 

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