Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Gholam Hassan Sajedi


Age: 20
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam (Shi'a)
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: October 20, 1981
Location of Killing: Bandar Anzali, Gilan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Membership of anti-regime guerilla group

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Gholam Hassan Sajedi, son of Abolhassan, was sent to the Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation via an electronic form by his sister on October 5, 2016. He is one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine. Additional information was taken from the website of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization. (June 9, 1980)

Mr. Sajedi was born in Bandar-e Anzali. He was single, a high school graduate, a noncommissioned soldier, and a sympathizer of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization. He joined the organization during the revolution in 1979 when he was only 17 years old. His activities were in the Misaq Youths Association connected to the Mojahedin in Naziabad quarter in Tehran. These activities included helping needy people in the neighborhood (website of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization). He was a kind person who loved people. His words and actions at home or society were harmonious. His brother was also executed in Bandar-e Anzali on August 30, 1981.

The Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) was founded in 1965. This organization adapted the principles of Islam as its ideological guideline. However, its members’ interpretation of Islam was revolutionary and they believed in armed struggle against the Shah’s regime. They valued Marxism as a progressive method for economic and social analysis but considered Islam as their source of inspiration, culture, and ideology. In the 1970s, the MKO was weakened when many of its members were imprisoned and executed. In 1975, following a deep ideological crisis, the organization refuted Islam as its ideology and, after a few of its members were killed and other Muslim members purged, the organization proclaimed Marxism as its ideology. This move led to split of the Marxist-Leninist Section of the MKO in 1977. In January of 1979, the imprisoned Muslim leaders of the MKO were released along with other political prisoners. They began to re-organize the MKO and recruit new members based on Islamic ideology. After the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of the Islamic Republic, the MKO accepted the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini and supported the Revolution. Active participation in the political scene and infiltration of governmental institutions were foremost on the organization’s agenda.  During the first two years after the Revolution, the MKO succeeded in recruiting numerous sympathizers, especially in high schools and universities; but its efforts to gain political power, either by appointment or election, were strongly opposed by the Islamic Republic leaders. *

Arrest and detention

Mr. Sajedi was arrested by Revolutionary Guards, without a warrant, in a street in Bandar-e Anzali on September 21, 1981. He detained for 29 days and had three visitations. The circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known.


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Rasht tried Mr. Sajedi. No information is available on his trial.


The charge brought against Mr. Sajedi was “sympathy with the Mojahedin Khalq Organization.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against Mr. Sajedi. However, he was well-known as a sympathizer of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization in Bandar-e Anzali.


Mr. Sajedi defended himself during his trial. However, no information is available on his defense. Revolutionary Guards possess a video film of his defense . He was denied access to an attorney.


Mr. Gholam Hassan Sajedi was executed by firing squad in Bandar-e Anzali on October 20, 1981. His body was buried at the Bandar-e Anzali cemetery. His mother had seen marks of wounds and torture on her son’s body.


*The exclusion of MKO members from government offices and the closure of their centers and publishing houses, in conjunction with to the Islamic Republic authorities’ different interpretation of Islam, widened the gap between the two. Authorities of the new regime referred to the Mojahedin as “Hypocrites” and the Hezbollahi supporters of the regime attacked the Mojahedin sympathizers regularly during demonstrations and while distributing publications, leading to the death of several MKO supporters. On June 20, 1981, the MKO called for a demonstration protesting their treatment by governmental officials and the government officials’  efforts to impeach their ally, President Abolhassan Banisadr. Despite the fact that the authorities called this demonstration illegal, thousands came to the streets, some of whom confronted the Revolutionary Guardsmen and Hezbollahis. The number of casualties that resulted from this demonstration is unknown but a large number of demonstrators were arrested and executed in the following days and weeks. The day after the demonstration, the Islamic Republic regime started a repressive campaign – unprecedented in modern Iranian history. Thousands of MKO members and sympathizers were arrested or executed. On June 21, 1981, the MKO announced an armed struggle against the Islamic Republic and assassinated a number of high-ranking officials and supporters of the Islamic regime.

In the summer of 1981, the leader of the MKO and the impeached President (Banisadr) fled Iran to reside in France, where they founded the National Council of Resistance. After the MKO leaders and many of its members were expelled from France, they went to Iraqand founded the National Liberation Army of Iran in 1987, which entered Iranian territory a few times during the Iran-Iraq war. They were defeated in July 1988 during their last operation, the Forugh Javidan Operation. A few days after this operation, thousands of imprisoned Mojahedin supporters were killed during the mass executions of political prisoners in 1988. Ever since the summer of 1981, the MKO has continued its activities outside of Iran. No information is available regarding members and activities of the MKO inside the country.

In spite of the “armed struggle” announcement by the MKO on June 20, 1981, many sympathizers of the organization had no military training, were not armed, and did not participate in armed conflict.

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