Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Khaled Shoqi

About

Age: 49
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Unknown
Civil Status: Married

Case

Date of Killing: October 8, 2002
Location of Killing: Orumieh Prison, Orumieh, Azarbaijan-e Gharbi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Unspecified execution method
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Khaled Shoqi was published by various sources including the websites of the League for the Defense of Human Rights in Iran on October 12, 2002, and Asre-no on February 22, 2003, quoting the Statement by the Committee Action Alliance for Democracy. Additional information was taken from an interview by Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation (ABF) with a member of the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan in February of 2015.

Mr. Shoqi was born in the Varmazyar-Barandiz Village near Orumieh in 1953. He was educated at a military school for six years during the Shah's regime. According to the archive of the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan, Mr. Shoqi was a military commander of this party in the Orumieh area and participated in the military clash between the party and the Qazvin Armored Division near Orumieh in April of 1980. Due to his illness and with the permission of the party, Mr. Shoqi and his family went to Turkey and resided in Yuksakava where he continued his political activities for the party. (ABF interview)

The Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDKI) was founded in 1945 with the objective to gain autonomy for Kurdistan, in north-western Iran. After the Revolution, conflicts between the new central Shiite government and the mainly Sunni Kurdistan, regarding the role of minorities in the drafting of the constitution, specification of Shiite as the official state religion, and particularly the autonomy of the region, ended in armed clashes between the Revolutionary Guards and the peshmerga (the militia of the PDKI). The PDKI boycotted the referendum of April 1, when people went to polls to vote for or against the Islamic regime. On August 19, 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini called the PDKI the “party of Satan” and declared it “unofficial and illegal.” Mass executions and fighting broke out and continued for several months in the region. By 1983, PDKI had lost much of its influence in the region. Various leaders of the PDKI have been assassinated

Arrest and detention

Mr. Shoqi was an Iranian Kurd refugee in Turkey who was arrested by the Turkish police in 1995.* He was taken to the security forces in Iran and was transferred to the prison where he was detained for seven years.  According to the interviewee, the interrogators of the Intelligence Office in Orumieh pressured Mr. Shoqi to cooperate and tortured him severely. (Ettela'at.net on September 1, 2003) The circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known

Trial

No information is available on Mr. Shoqi’s trial.

Charges

According to the interviewee, the charge against Mr. Shoqi was “cooperation with the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan.” (Asre-no on February 22, 2003)

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against Mr. Shoqi.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Shoqi’s defense.

Judgment

The ruling against Mr. Khaled Shoqi was carried out on October 8, 2002 and he was hanged, along with two other defendants in this case at the Orumieh Central Prison. His body was not given to his family. (ABF interview)

According to his fellow party cellmates, he distributed cookies on his last night and, while being executed, shouted slogans such as, “Long live Qasemlu! Long live Democrat! [Fellow party member] Long live Kurdistan! And Down with Khamenei!” (ABF interview)

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*There is no information regarding the reason for Mr. Shoqi’s arrest and transfer. There are several reports of the arrest and transfer of Islamic Republic opponents in other countries requested by the security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. There have been reports of arrest and transfer of Iranian refugees in Turkey, Syria, and Iraq.

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