Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Mohammad Ali Kamalvand


Age: 54
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: January 28, 2015
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Non-marital sex; Robbery

About this Case

News of the prosecution and trial of Mr. Mohammad’ali Kamalvand was published in the website of Mehrnews on June 8, 2014. News of his execution was published in the websites of the Revolutionary Public Prosecutor’s Office in Tehran on January 28, 2015, Iran newspaper and Farhikhtegan on January 29, 2015, quoting the Information Base of the Revolutionary Public Prosecutor’s Office in Tehran.

According to the existing information, Mr. Kamalvand was married and pretended to be a pharmacist helping his victims, but robbed them instead.         

Arrest and Detention

According to the Information Base of the Revolutionary Public Prosecutor’s Office in Tehran, after several complaints were filed against him, Mr. Kamalvand was identified, prosecuted, and arrested on October 12, 2013 (or on October 17, according to the Iran newspaper). According to the existing information, police arrested him in a motel at Suresrafil Street where he had anesthetized a young couple. He was detained for two and a half years.   


Branch 113 of the Criminal Court of Tehran Revolutionary Public Court at District 27 tried Mr. Kamalvand. The first session took place on March 3, and the second session on March 17, 2014.  


According to the Information Base of the Revolutionary Public Prosecutor’s Office in Tehran, the charges against Mr. Kamalvand were "robbery, pretending to be a pharmacist, and rape."        

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.   

Evidence of Guilt

The evidence presented against Mr. Kamalvand was “having a criminal record,” “eleven complaints against him,” and “his confession.”

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.  


During his last defense, Mr. Kamalvand stated that “I accept the robbery charge but I did not commit the rape.” He had an attorney. Because he and his attorney appealed the ruling, the case was referred to the Supreme Court.    

A Summary of the Legal Defects in Mr. Mohammad Ali Kamalvand’s Case

According to a Mehr News Agency report on June 8, 2014, Mr. Mohammad Ali Kamalvand declared in court that he did not accept the charge of rape. In accordance with Iranian laws, proving the commission of crimes subject to Hadd punishments has specific requirements. He did not make an admission of raping the victims. On the other hand, the plaintiffs had stated that the defendant had rendered them unconscious and raped them while they were in that state. It is therefore clear that neither the plaintiffs nor any other person witnessed the rape. Forcible rape is established when the defendant admits four times to the commission of the act, or four individuals testify thereto under specific circumstances. There was no possibility of testimony in this case and the defendant himself had made no confession. Even if the defendant had made a confession to raping the victims in the preliminary investigations stage, there would be no basis for issuing a death penalty because it is necessary that the confession be made in court and before the judge issuing the ruling. Therefore, if Mr. Ali Kamalvand had not made a confession before the issuing judge at any time in the course of the proceedings, it can be said that issuance of a capital sentence in his case was contrary to domestic laws.


The court condemned Mr. Mohammad’ali Kamalvand to ten years imprisonment and 74 lashes for robbery, to two years imprisonment for pretending to be a pharmacist, and to three counts death for rape. Branch 11 of the Supreme Court confirmed the ruling. The ruling was carried out on January 28, 2015 and he was hanged at the Evin Prison yard. It is unknown whether the lash ruling was carried out.           

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