Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Seyed Mohammad Ayati


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: June 29, 1980
Location: Shirvan, Khorasan\Khorasan-e Razavi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Drug trafficking

About this Case

The execution of Mr. Seyed Mohammad Ayati and twelve other individuals was reported in the Jomhuri Eslami Daily on June 29, 1980. Additional information about Mr. Ayati is based on several electronic forms sent to Omid by a person familiar with his case. According to this information, he was born in Esfahan. He was married with five children, was a farmer, and had an elementary education. Before the revolution he was imprisoned for narcotics related charges.  

Arrest and detention

According to the information sent to Omid, Mr. Seyed Mohammad Ayati was arrested by the Revolutionary Guards in Shirvan in May of 1980. He was transferred to the Komiteh in Mashhad and was subjected to severe beating. He was denied an attorney. According to this report, a man, pretending to be a worker and a tractor driver, was spying in Mr. Ayati’s house. Later, the family saw this man wearing a Revolutionary Guards’ uniform in Shirvan.


According to the Jomhuri Eslami Daily, the head of the Special Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal for Combating Drugs and Narcotics traveled to Khorasan to examine the cases presented to the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunals of this state. The court session lasted 16 uninterrupted hours. According to the information sent to Omid, Mr. Seyyed-Mohammad Ayati was tried in his house at Kuhsangi Street in Mashhad for a few minutes on June 27, 1980. According to this report, Mr. Ayati’s house had been confiscated and used as courthouse.


Based on the newspaper report, Mr. Ayati’s charges were as follows: “being a professional smuggler who had a long history in smuggling drugs from Afghanistan and distributing them all over the country.” However, according to the information sent to Omid, the charges against him were smuggling narcotics, connection with the Fadaiyan Khalq Guerillas, and possession of weapons and ammunition.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

According to the information sent to Omid, the evidence provided against Mr. Seyed Mohammad Ayati was a statement made by Gholamreza Kazemi who was also executed. 


No information is available about the defendant’s defense.  


According to the information sent to Omid, Mr. Seyed Mohammad Ayati was prosecuted by Sadeq Khalkhali and condemned to death and confiscation of his belongings including the belongings of his wife and children. The ruling was carried out in mountains near Shirvan on June 29, 1980. He was first shot in the legs by three men and then killed by a bullet in his head. He was buried in Gonbad-e Kavus. According to this report, authorities confiscated even the clothes of Mr. Ayati’s children, and refused to pay the salary of his son who had been injured and disabled during the Iran-Iraq war.      

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