Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Dariush Fazeli


Age: 21
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: October, 1983
Location of Killing: Esfahan, Esfahan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unspecified counter-revolutionary offense

About this Case

The information about Mr. Daryush Fazeli has been drawn from the Tufan Party website, and a person close to Mr. Fazeli has confirmed the information.

Mr. Dariush Fazeli (Tufan) is also one of the 12028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Mr. Fazeli was born in 1961 in Mahmudabad in Mazandaran Province. His high school years coincided with the movement that led to the fall of the monarchy. He started his political activism at that time and became a sympathizer of the Tufan Patry. He was popular among the students, and he soon became the leader of an affiliate of the Party called the High School Students’ Union – Red Saturday. After he finished his third year of high school in Mahmudabad, he left school and started to work full-time on political activities. Mr. Fazeli, his brother, Qodrat Fazeli, and brother-in-law, Janbarar Ruhi, (both of whom were executed by the Islamic Republic) informed the public in villages of Mazandaran about the Party and its activities. According to the information available, farmers respected and loved them.

Mr. Fazeli was arrested and detained three times. After June 20, 1981, the repression of dissidents and opponents intensified, and Daryush left Mazandaran to start an underground life in Tehran. In Tehran, he lived with his uncle. However, in July 1981, a relative disclosed his identity to the Revolutionary Guards, who arrested Mr. Fazeli at his uncle’s house in Tehran and transported him to Amol in Mazandaran. In Amol, the religious judge condemned him to death. However, the night before they planned to execute him, Mr. Fazeli escaped from prison through the bathroom window and local residents helped him flee to Tehran. He continued his activism in the capital, until the Party transferred him to Esfahan.

The Marxist-Leninist Organization of Tufan was founded in the late 1960s. De-Stalinization policy of Khoroshev in the Soviet Union led to a political crisis in Iranian communist party Tudeh, as in many communist parties around the world. Three Tudeh leaders i.e. Forutan, Qasemi & Saqa’i left the Party in 1963 to found the “Revolutionary Organization of the Tudeh Party” and then the “Marxist-Leninist Organization of Tufan”. The organization changed its name after the 1979 revolution and first became The Party of workers and farmers of Iran and later on Iran Work Party, Tufan. The Party believed in a one-party system and supported a political system modeled after Albania, which it considered as the only socialist countries. The Organization of Struggling Workers of Iran is a split from Tufan founded by some of the party’s personnel.

Arrest and detention

The details of Mr. Fazeli’s arrest and detention are not known. He was arrested in November or December of 1982. He was tortured in custody.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


The charge brought against the defendant is not known.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Fazeli’s defense.


Mr. Daryush Fazeli was executed in October 1983.

Correct/ Complete This Entry