Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Abdorrahim Ra'isi

About

Age: 25
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: July 10, 1981
Location: Zahedan, Sistan Va Baluchestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Abdorrahim Ra’isi, along with thirteen others, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on July 20, 1981, and on July 19, 1981(along with five others). The Revolutionary and Public Prosecutor’s Office in Zahedan issued an announcement about this execution and released it to the media. Mr. Ra’isi is one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. Mr. Ra’isi is also one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Mr. Ra’isi was a student in the Zahedan Teacher’s College.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a "Social imperialist" state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

Mr. Ra’isi was tried at the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Sistan and Baluchestan. No further detail is available.

Charges

The charges against Mr. Ra’isi were “membership in the Peykar Organization and continuous cooperation with this organization, establishing a team house and turning it over to the members of this organization, performing continuous assignments between Tehran and Zahedan, having a record of rioting and resistance against the Moslem people during the Cultural and University Revolution, and apostasy.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The newspaper reported that Mr. Ra’isi had “confessed to the charges considering the content of the indictment” during the trial.

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress. In the case of political detainees, these confessions are, at times, televised. The National Television broadcasts confessions during which prisoners plead guilty to vague and false charges, repent and renounce their political beliefs, and/or implicate others. Human rights organizations have also pointed to the pattern of retracted confessions by those prisoners who are freed.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Ra’isi's defense.

Judgment

َThe Islamic Revolutionary Court of Zahedan identified Mr. Ra’isi as a "corruptor on earth, rebel, enemy of God, and apostate." He was condemned to death. He was executed on July 18, 1981. He was 25 years old.

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