Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hossein Azarifar


Age: 34
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: September 19, 1981
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Actively opposing the Islamic Republic; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech; Living in safe houses

About this Case

The execution of Mr. Hossein Azarifar, son of Ali Asghar, and 18 others was announced in a communiqué of the public relations department of the central Islamic revolutionary prosecution office and published in the Kayhan newspaper on September 19, 1981. Mr. Azarifar is also one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed. Moreover, he is among the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985.

According to the website of Andeesheh va Peykar, Mr. Azarifar was an experienced member of Peykar and worked in the publication center of the organization.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on the trial other than Mr. Azarifar was tried at the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Tehran.


The communiqué of the public relations department of the central Islamic revolutionary prosecution office announced the charges brought against Mr. Azarifar as follows: “membership in the American organization, Peykar, presence in a safe-house, being responsible for organizational activities in provincial cities.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Azarifar’s defense.


According to the “religious” sentence of the Islamic revolutionary Tribunal of Tehran, Mr. Azarifar was recognized as an “enemy of God and His Prophet, and a corruptor on earth” and was condemned to death. He and 18 others were shot by firing squad on September 19, 1981 at Evin prison in Tehran.

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